With the aging of the American workforce, the largest percentage increase in employment is occurring in the 55-64 year old age group. This research is designed to assess effects of workplace biomechanical, psychosocial, organizational and non-workplace factors on normal age related changes in musculoskeletal function and performance. There are particular emphases on the role of gender and on identifying sub- populations that may be at increased risk of exceeding age expected changes in musculoskeletal function and performance. We use the term musculoskeletal health (MSH) to define the complex of physiological performance and effective function. An estimated 1200-1400 workers representing both genders, and meeting a broad age demographic, will be studied in Connecticut manufacturing facilities. Their evaluation will include questionnaires that survey individual, organizational and psychosocial factors;direct measures of physical performance, strength and muscle power;and instrumented and observed exposure measurement. There are cross-sectional and longitudinal components employed in a mixed design that accommodates the relatively short study period, and the longer time span of many health outcomes relevant to the musculoskeletal system. A key aspect of this study is the influence of the so-called """"""""healthy worker survivor effect"""""""", the extent to which musculoskeletal symptoms and function influence withdrawal from the workforce. This is addressed through several imputative models. We will also estimate the interactive effect of risk factors (extrinsic and intrinsic) on the distribution of subjective and objective findings and undertake the compilation of broader indices of MSH.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZOH1-GGB (02))
Program Officer
Frederick, Linda J
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Connecticut
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Buden, Jennifer C; Dugan, Alicia G; Faghri, Pouran D et al. (2017) Associations Among Work and Family Health Climate, Health Behaviors, Work Schedule, and Body Weight. J Occup Environ Med 59:588-599
Buden, Jennifer C; Dugan, Alicia G; Namazi, Sara et al. (2016) Work Characteristics as Predictors of Correctional Supervisors' Health Outcomes. J Occup Environ Med 58:e325-34
Garza, Jennifer L; Dugan, Alicia G; Faghri, Pouran D et al. (2015) Demographic, health-related, and work-related factors associated with body mass index and body fat percentage among workers at six Connecticut manufacturing companies across different age groups: a cohort study. BMC Obes 2:43
Cherniack, Martin; Dussetschleger, Jeffrey; Farr, Dana et al. (2015) Workplace cohort studies in times of economic instability. Am J Ind Med 58:138-51
McGonagle, Alyssa K; Fisher, Gwenith G; Barnes-Farrell, Janet L et al. (2015) Individual and work factors related to perceived work ability and labor force outcomes. J Appl Psychol 100:376-98
Cote, Mark P; Kenny, Anne; Dussetschleger, Jeffrey et al. (2014) Reference values for physical performance measures in the aging working population. Hum Factors 56:228-42