A common and central regulatory mechanism in the cell is proline-directed phosphorylation on certain Ser/Thr- Pro (phos.Ser/Thr-Pro) motifs. The unique stereochemistry of Pro means that it can adopt two distinct cis or trans conformations, but the biological significance of these conformational switches was unappreciated for a long time. We have recently identified a unique prolyl isomerase, Pin1 (Gene ID, NM_006221;Protein ID, NP_006212) that catalyzes the conformational switches of specific phos.Ser/Thr-Pro motifs in a subset of proteins to regulate cell signaling. Such Pin1-catalyzed conformational regulation can have a profound impact on many key proteins in diverse cellular processes. Importantly, Pin1 deregulation plays a pivotal role in the development of an increasing number of diseases and provides a potential new therapeutic option. However, chemical probes to inhibit Pin1 function identified so far either lack the critically needed specificity or simply cannot enter cells. We have now developed a series of robust and sensitive procedures to identify and evaluate Pin1 probes in vitro and in vivo and also identified interesting hits in our pilot screen. Therefore, in this proposal, we will collaborate with Drs. Douglas Auld and Craig Thomas at NIH Chemical Genomics Center to identify Pin1 chemical probes, with the following specific aims: (1) To identify inhibitors of human Pin1 using a quantitative high-throughput screening approach against the MLSMR containing 300,000 small molecules. (2) To validate the potency and specificity of the hits in secondary assays to identify those compounds that specifically inhibit Pin1, but not other non-phosphorylation-specific prolyl isomerases. (3) To characterize and optimize Pin1 chemical probes by tertiary cell-based assays and structure-activity relationship analysis, structure-based methods, analogue synthesis and medicinal chemical principles. (4) Beyond the granting period for this proposal, to test the most promising compounds for their ability to inhibit Pin1 function in several Pin1-relevant mouse models of cancer or Alzheimer

Public Health Relevance

We have recently identified a new enzyme called Pin1 that is a pivotal regulator of numerous cellular processes. Importantly, Pin1 deregulation plays a critical role in the development of an increasing number of human diseases, including aging, cancer and Alzheimer

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Small Research Grants (R03)
Project #
5R03DA031663-02
Application #
8213459
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BST-F (50))
Program Officer
Purohit, Vishnudutt
Project Start
2011-01-15
Project End
2013-12-31
Budget Start
2012-01-01
Budget End
2013-12-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$43,500
Indirect Cost
$18,500
Name
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Department
Type
DUNS #
071723621
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02215
Luo, Man-Li; Gong, Chang; Chen, Chun-Hau et al. (2014) Prolyl isomerase Pin1 acts downstream of miR200c to promote cancer stem-like cell traits in breast cancer. Cancer Res 74:3603-16