Individual differences of self regulation have been the focus of temperament research. The emergence of these early regulatory processes may have implications for cognitive development as well. Late in the first year infants begin to exhibit inhibitory control on working memory tasks. It may be, however, that the inhibitory processes associated with cognitive behaviors are similar to those associated with temperament. Indeed, there is much speculation in the infant literature that some relation exists between temperament and cognitive processing, although no known developmental studies have been designed to explore the beginnings of these associations during infancy. The brain/behavior system that has the capacity to tie together these cognitive and temperament processes is Posner's anterior attention system. This system focuses on the emotion (i.e. temperament)-attention and cognitive-attention functions of the anterior cingulate gyms. The goal of this proposed research is to examine the associations between the regulatory processes associated with cognition and temperament. This research project will constitute the infant portion of a longitudinal study. The general hypothesis of this proposed work is that individual differences in temperament, the moderating role of the environment, and the regulatory processes associated with temperament, contribute to individual differences in cognitive processing. Infants will be assessed on cognitive and temperament measures at 5 and 10 months of age. Both behavioral and physiological (EEG, EKG) measures will be utilized. There are 2 primary hypotheses: 1) Maternal sensitivity moderates the effect of temperamental distress on working memory performance. 2) The infant's regulatory processes mediate the maternal sensitivity by temperamental distress moderation effect on working memory performance. These hypotheses are specific to the 10-month assessment period, the time at which early attentional/regulatory processes begin to develop. These hypotheses will not be supported at the 5-month assessment period, prior to the development of these regulatory processes. These data will be unique because they will be the first attempt to examine the effects of an interaction between temperament and environment on cognition during infancy using multiple physiological and behavioral indices. The results of this integration of infant emotion and cognition will advance understanding of typical development. Likewise, they have the potential to generate hypotheses about foundations for the development of extremes in self-regulation (i.e., attention deficit disorder, depression) and associated complexities in cognition. ? ?

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Small Research Grants (R03)
Project #
1R03HD043057-01A1
Application #
6679266
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-H (01))
Program Officer
Freund, Lisa S
Project Start
2003-07-01
Project End
2005-06-30
Budget Start
2003-07-01
Budget End
2004-06-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2003
Total Cost
$70,775
Indirect Cost
Name
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
003137015
City
Blacksburg
State
VA
Country
United States
Zip Code
24061
Perry, Nicole B; Dollar, Jessica M; Calkins, Susan D et al. (2017) Developmental Cascade and Transactional Associations Among Biological and Behavioral Indicators of Temperament and Maternal Behavior. Child Dev :
Swingler, Margaret M; Perry, Nicole B; Calkins, Susan D et al. (2017) Maternal behavior predicts infant neurophysiological and behavioral attention processes in the first year. Dev Psychol 53:13-27
Bacher, Leigh F; Retz, Shirley; Lindon, Courtney et al. (2017) Intraindividual and Interindividual Di?erences in Spontaneous Eye Blinking: Relationships to Working Memory Performance and Frontal EEG Asymmetry. Infancy 22:150-170
Perry, Nicole B; Calkins, Susan D; Bell, Martha Ann (2016) Indirect Effects of Maternal Sensitivity on Infant Emotion Regulation Behaviors: The Role of Vagal Withdrawal. Infancy 21:128-153
Howarth, Grace Z; Fettig, Nicole B; Curby, Timothy W et al. (2016) Frontal Electroencephalogram Asymmetry and Temperament Across Infancy and Early Childhood: An Exploration of Stability and Bidirectional Relations. Child Dev 87:465-76
Perry, Nicole B; Swingler, Margaret M; Calkins, Susan D et al. (2016) Neurophysiological correlates of attention behavior in early infancy: Implications for emotion regulation during early childhood. J Exp Child Psychol 142:245-61
Marcovitch, Stuart; Clearfield, Melissa W; Swingler, Margaret et al. (2016) Attentional Predictors of 5-month-olds' Performance on a Looking A-not-B Task. Infant Child Dev 25:233-246
Whedon, Margaret; Perry, Nicole B; Calkins, Susan D et al. (2016) Changes in frontal EEG coherence across infancy predict cognitive abilities at age 3: The mediating role of attentional control. Dev Psychol 52:1341-52
Smith, Cynthia L; Diaz, Anjolii; Day, Kimberly L et al. (2016) Infant frontal electroencephalogram asymmetry and negative emotional reactivity as predictors of toddlerhood effortful control. J Exp Child Psychol 142:262-73
Bernier, Annie; Calkins, Susan D; Bell, Martha Ann (2016) Longitudinal Associations Between the Quality of Mother-Infant Interactions and Brain Development Across Infancy. Child Dev 87:1159-74

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