Background: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) encompasses a broad range of chronic lung disorders. The mechanisms of pathogenesis for the development of this disease are mostly unknown. It is widely believed that genetic factors play an important role in the development of interstitial lung disease (ILD). However, testable alleles accounting for common entities have not yet been discovered. Recently, administration of inhibitors for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been shown to induce ILD in lung cancer patients with significant ethnic differences. The combination of this observation and evidence from genetically engineered animal models suggests that genetic variation related to EGFR contributes to the development of ILD. Our ultimate goal is to identify the genetic determinants of ILD through understanding the regulation of EGFR and its signaling by genetic polymorphisms. We have identified functional genetic variants in EGFR pathway genes. We hypothesize that these genetic variants in EGFR pathway genes may determine gene expression and modulate EGFR signaling in human lung, thus conferring susceptibility to ILD. To test our hypothesis, we propose studies utilizing the large disease sample collection from The Lung Tissue Research Consortium (LTRC).
Specific Aims : 1) To conduct a population-based association study between functional variants in EGFR pathway genes and ILD;2) To evaluate the correlation between the functional variants and gene expression of the EGFR pathway in ILD tissue;3) To test the interaction between the functional variants and EGFR signaling activity in different cell types of ILD tissue. Significance: This investigation has the potential to identify the genetic risk factors of human ILD, and to provide insight into mechanisms important to the pathogenesis of the disease.

Public Health Relevance

Project Narrative This study will test whether genetic variants within a group of genes related to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) increase the risk to develop interstitial lung disease (ILD). Understanding this could potentially help to identify the individuals who may develop the disease in the future and thus potentially prevent it. It will also help to identify molecular targets that could be used to develop better treatment for ILD.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Small Research Grants (R03)
Project #
5R03HL097016-02
Application #
7837627
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-H (M1))
Program Officer
Reynolds, Herbert Y
Project Start
2009-05-11
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2010-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$78,000
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Chicago
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
005421136
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60637
Li, Chong; Wei, Rongrong; Jones-Hall, Yava L et al. (2014) Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway genes and interstitial lung disease: an association study. Sci Rep 4:4893
Wei, Rongrong; Li, Chong; Zhang, Min et al. (2014) Association between MUC5B and TERT polymorphisms and different interstitial lung disease phenotypes. Transl Res 163:494-502