This project is designed to carry out specific research tasks relevant to and supportive of the development of the RNA Ontology (RNAO), a core, orthogonal ontology of the Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) Consortium and companion to the Sequence Ontology (SO). The P.I. is the convener of the RNA Ontology Consortium (ROC), which is developing RNAO under the auspices of the RNA Society. The first version of the ontology (RNAO.owl) is being presented at the RNA Society annual meeting, May 2009. By integrating diverse databases pertaining to RNA 3D structures, RNA sequences, and RNA functions, the RNAO will serve multiple RNA research agendas, including prediction of RNA 3D structures from sequence, multiple alignment of homologous RNA sequence, genome searching for non-coding RNAs, and the design of RNA-based nanostructures for diverse applications, such as biosensing and drug delivery. The proposed research applies bioinformatic, computational, and biophysical tools to obtain fundamental data on RNA interactions and recurrent 3D motifs.
The specific aims of this project include: A.1. Base Stacking: To carry out bioinformatic statistical studies and targeted experimental studies to explore the base specificity of stacking interactions in RNA motifs. A.2. Base Triples: To extract, classify and cluster all base triples in 3D structures and to identify isosteric base triples that substitute at corresponding positions in homologous RNA molecules. To carry out QM calculations on selected base triples that are highly over- or under-represented in the 3D database, optimize their structures, compare their energetics and assess their structural stabilities. A.3. Multi-helix junctions and tertiary interactions: To develop algorithms and write software that will extract from RNA 3D structures all multi-helix junctions and all tertiary interactions, including pseudoknots. To cluster and classify all motifs based on geometric criteria and to extend the on-line RNA 3D Motif Library to include multi-helix junction and tertiary interaction motifs. A.4. Collaborative Environment: To create an on-line collaborative environment for members of the RNA Ontology Consortium (ROC) to compare and evaluate proposed RNA 3D Motif classes and definitions. A.5. SCFG/MRF models which incorporate stacking and base-phosphate interactions. Incorporate scoring terms for base stacking and base-phosphate interactions into the SCFG/MRF models developed previously to test their ability to enhance the identification of motif 3D structure from sequence alone. A.6. Experimental Studies. To perform thermodynamic studies to assess the contributions of base-stacking, base-pairing, and base-phosphate interactions to the stabilities of recurrent RNA 3D motifs.

Public Health Relevance

RNA molecules play essential roles in all stages of gene expression in human cells and have been implicated in many diseases including heart disease, diabetes, and various forms of cancer. Many RNA molecules form unique 3D structures to carry out their functions. This proposal supports the development of the RNA Ontology (RNAO), a core ontology of the Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) Consortium and companion to the Sequence Ontology (SO), to facilitate integration of databases pertaining to RNA 3D structure, homologous sequences, and RNA functions to enable intelligent data-mining of diverse RNA data and their rapid translation into useful knowledge.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Academic Research Enhancement Awards (AREA) (R15)
Project #
2R15GM055898-05
Application #
7779051
Study Section
Macromolecular Structure and Function D Study Section (MSFD)
Program Officer
Preusch, Peter C
Project Start
1997-06-01
Project End
2013-01-31
Budget Start
2010-02-01
Budget End
2013-01-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$208,500
Indirect Cost
Name
Bowling Green State University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
617407325
City
Bowling Green
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
43403
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Cannone, Jamie J; Sweeney, Blake A; Petrov, Anton I et al. (2015) R3D-2-MSA: the RNA 3D structure-to-multiple sequence alignment server. Nucleic Acids Res 43:W15-23
Abu Almakarem, Amal S; Petrov, Anton I; Stombaugh, Jesse et al. (2012) Comprehensive survey and geometric classification of base triples in RNA structures. Nucleic Acids Res 40:1407-23
Novikova, Irina V; Hassan, Bachar H; Mirzoyan, Marina G et al. (2011) Engineering cooperative tecto-RNA complexes having programmable stoichiometries. Nucleic Acids Res 39:2903-17
Takeda, Ryuta; Petrov, Anton I; Leontis, Neocles B et al. (2011) A three-dimensional RNA motif in Potato spindle tuber viroid mediates trafficking from palisade mesophyll to spongy mesophyll in Nicotiana benthamiana. Plant Cell 23:258-72
Petrov, Anton I; Zirbel, Craig L; Leontis, Neocles B (2011) WebFR3D--a server for finding, aligning and analyzing recurrent RNA 3D motifs. Nucleic Acids Res 39:W50-5
Šponer, Ji?í; Šponer, Judit E; Petrov, Anton I et al. (2010) Quantum chemical studies of nucleic acids: can we construct a bridge to the RNA structural biology and bioinformatics communities? J Phys Chem B 114:15723-41
Besseova, Ivana; Reblova, Kamila; Leontis, Neocles B et al. (2010) Molecular dynamics simulations suggest that RNA three-way junctions can act as flexible RNA structural elements in the ribosome. Nucleic Acids Res 38:6247-64
Zirbel, Craig L; Sponer, Judit E; Sponer, Jiri et al. (2009) Classification and energetics of the base-phosphate interactions in RNA. Nucleic Acids Res 37:4898-918
Stombaugh, Jesse; Zirbel, Craig L; Westhof, Eric et al. (2009) Frequency and isostericity of RNA base pairs. Nucleic Acids Res 37:2294-312

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