The proposed project, Functional Assessment Screening Tablets-Patient Reported Information, has been developed in response to PAR-08-270: Utilizing Health Information Technology to Improve Health Care Quality (R18). Tobacco, physical activity, and poor mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are major causes of morbidity and mortality that are not being adequately addressed in the current systems of care. Healthcare providers play an important role in encouraging healthy behaviors and identifying factors that impact patients'HRQoL. Clinicians are most effective in this role when they partner with informed, activated, and engaged patients. We will evaluate a new tool, based our current "Functional Assessment Screening Tablets (FAST)," that is designed to inform and activate patients about their own patient reported information (PRI). The FAST currently uses wirelessly-networked tablet computers to collect PRI while patients wait to see their primary care provider and provides this PRI to providers at the time of the patient's visit. The new health information technology (HIT)-based tool, used in the FAST-PRI intervention and referred to as HIT patient feedback, provides patients with self-management support through immediate, personalized, guideline-based feedback about their health behaviors (tobacco use and physical inactivity) and mental HRQoL and encourages them to take a more active role in their health. Completion of this cluster-randomized controlled trial, FAST-PRI, will provide important information on the effectiveness of using HIT patient feedback to inform and activate patients and promote health behavior change. We will accomplish this through the following three specific aims:
Aim 1. Use HIT patient feedback regarding study-designated PRI (i.e., tobacco use, physical inactivity, and mental HRQoL) to activate patients.
Aim 2. Assess the impact of HIT patient feedback on study-designated PRI.
Aim 3. Evaluate potential mediators of the effectiveness of HIT patient feedback on study-designated PRI. We will conduct a 12-month randomized controlled trial of HIT patient feedback, clustered at the physician level, in an academic group medical practice. Patients and providers will complete questionnaires regarding discussions of health behaviors and HRQoL at each clinical encounter. In addition, patient participants will complete questionnaires regarding smoking quit attempts, physical activity, and their mental HRQoL, as well as self-efficacy and use of interdisciplinary referral at baseline, six and twelve months. We will survey physicians regarding self-efficacy at baseline, 12 and 24 months. Finally, we will abstract referral data from the electronic medical record regarding health behaviors, HRQoL, and referrals.

Public Health Relevance

Tobacco, physical activity, and poor mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are major causes of morbidity and mortality that are not being adequately addressed in the current systems of care. Healthcare providers play an important role in encouraging healthy behaviors and identifying factors that impact patients'HRQoL. Clinicians are most effective in this role when they partner with informed, activated, and engaged patients. We will evaluate a new tool, based our current Functional Assessment Screening Tablets (FAST), that provides patients with self-management support through immediate, personalized, guideline-based feedback about their health behaviors and HRQoL based on their own patient reported information and encourage them to take a more active role in their health. Completion of this project, FAST-PRI, will provide important information on the effectiveness of using HIT patient feedback to inform and activate patients and promote health behavior change.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Type
Research Demonstration and Dissemination Projects (R18)
Project #
5R18HS018932-04
Application #
8713943
Study Section
Health Care Quality and Effectiveness Research (HQER)
Program Officer
White, Jon
Project Start
2012-08-01
Project End
2015-07-31
Budget Start
2014-08-01
Budget End
2015-07-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Utah
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
009095365
City
Salt Lake City
State
UT
Country
United States
Zip Code
84112