Public policies (laws, regulations, penalties) concerning alcohol and car safety have contributed to important declines in traffic fatalities over the past thirty years. But there is still enormous variation in the number and type of effective public policies different states have adopted. The study will use systems science tools (network analysis and dynamical systems modeling) to characterize the interaction of multiple policies (e.g. those associated with alcohol availability and use, risky driving, and car safety) across all 50 states over time. The goals of the project ar to formulate and refine a mathematical model using network theory to explain the dynamic process of state alcohol and safer driving policy adoption and diffusion over time;and apply the final model to estimate the impact of state health laws on traffic fatalities. The project's end result will be a tested and validated mathematical model that will inform understanding of the dynamic and interconnected nature of alcohol and related laws, their adoption, and their effects on health outcomes.

Public Health Relevance

The study will demonstrate the use of network analysis to explain the adoption, diffusion, and impact of effective policy-based approaches to reducing deaths and injuries from alcohol and motor vehicles within US states. Project aims are consistent with Healthy People 2020 objectives of reducing traffic fatalities by 10 percent and NIAAA's priorities for assessing the alcohol policy environment.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
Project #
5R21AA021523-02
Application #
8646830
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-HDM-Q (50))
Program Officer
Bloss, Gregory
Project Start
2013-04-05
Project End
2015-03-31
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$174,542
Indirect Cost
$26,775
Name
New York University
Department
Nutrition
Type
Schools of Education
DUNS #
041968306
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10012