Significance of the proposed research. Diarrheal disease caused by enteric bacteria is an important endemic health threat and a major source of food-borne disease. Diarrheal pathogens also remain an important health concern in current military operations and in bioterrorism. In spite of the appreciated magnitude of the threat to both general human health and the severe inhibition of military performance caused by ETEC, we still do not have an effective vaccine, nor do we fully understand the virulence determinants responsible for intestinal colonization and subsequent diarrheal disease. Basic research is needed to identify new therapeutic and vaccine targets. The objective of this application is to use quantitative proteomic protein profiling to discover broadly conserved antigens that will permit development of a vaccine efficacious against ETEC. The primary need that motivates this research objective is that despite the significant effort and expense that has been employed in vaccine trials using ETEC adhesins, none of these vaccines have been especially effective in mediating cross- protective immunity, and some trials have even had significant health risks. Alternative vaccine targets and strategies are demanded. We will utilize our proven experience in ETEC microbiology and quantitative proteomics to characterize novel ETEC vaccine antigens. We will do this by identifying novel surface-exposed ETEC proteins likely to be recognized by the host immune system. We show in preliminary studies that the proposed approach rapidly and economically identifies conserved, surface-exposed ETEC proteins, independent of strain-specific CFs, which can be purified and used in protection assays in a robust animal model of ETEC virulence.
The specific aims are to: 1) Characterize ETEC outer membrane proteomes using quantitative proteomic profiling, 2) Produce recombinant ETEC proteins and antisera, and 3) Immunize mice with recombinant ETEC antigens and quantify their ability to protect against an otherwise lethal challenge with ETEC. The proposed research is significant and innovative because it introduces a novel strategy for protective antigen discovery for a neglected pathogen responsible for causing an enormous global diarrheal disease burden. Indeed, we have already discovered seventeen surface-exposed antigens that are potential components of a new ETEC vaccine formulation. Additionally, these experiments will optimize proteomic strategies needed to characterize vaccine candidates in other enteric pathogens.

Public Health Relevance

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a significant source of food borne disease and a leading cause of worldwide malnutrition and infant mortality. Unfortunately, effective vaccines are not available and basic research is needed to identify new therapeutic and vaccine targets. The applicant proposes to develop a sensitive proteomic profiling technique to identify surface-exposed ETEC proteins that are likely to be recognized by the host immune system.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
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Vaccines Against Microbial Diseases (VMD)
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Baqar, Shahida
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Kansas State University
Veterinary Sciences
Schools of Veterinary Medicine
United States
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Hays, Michael P; Kumar, Amit; Martinez-Becerra, Francisco J et al. (2016) Immunization with the MipA, Skp, or ETEC_2479 Antigens Confers Protection against Enterotoxigenic E. coli Strains Expressing Different Colonization Factors in a Mouse Pulmonary Challenge Model. Front Cell Infect Microbiol 6:181
Hays, Michael P; Ericsson, Aaron C; Yang, Yang et al. (2016) Vaccinating with conserved Escherichia coli antigens does not alter the mouse intestinal microbiome. BMC Res Notes 9:401
Kumar, Amit; Hays, Mike; Lim, Francis et al. (2015) Protective Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Antigens in a Murine Intranasal Challenge Model. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9:e0003924