This proposal aims to develop and test new signal processing approaches to improve image contrast while maintaining or improving on the aforementioned advantages of ultrasound imaging. In preliminary work, the proposed techniques have been shown to outperform recently published clutter suppression techniques. This technique is contrary to most proposed techniques in that it is the first to use grating lobes, a well-known source of clutter, in a beneficial manner. In the last 50 years, ultrasound system and transducer engineers have long worked to remove these clutter sources. Although counterintuitive, these new methods are the first to use previously unwanted clutter from grating lobes and phase errors to actually improve image contrast. If successful, these methods will forge new trails in ultrasound signal and image processing. An extensive series of computer simulations and experimental work on phantoms is proposed to test the limits of these approaches. A small in vivo study is also proposed to test feasibility in assessing left ventricular ejection fraction and development of aortic plaque or thrombus.

Public Health Relevance

The aim of this proposal is to improve ultrasound image quality such that targets such as heart chambers, blood vessels, cysts, and cancers are easier to see. Clinically important tasks such as assessing cardiac function, aortic thrombus can be greatly improved. If successful, the results of this work could lead to widespread use in many applications where ultrasound imaging is currently being used in cardiology and radiology.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
Project #
5R21CA149543-02
Application #
8291998
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SBIB-J (80))
Program Officer
Nordstrom, Robert J
Project Start
2011-07-01
Project End
2014-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2014-06-30
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$201,496
Indirect Cost
$70,996
Name
University of Southern California
Department
Biomedical Engineering
Type
Schools of Engineering
DUNS #
072933393
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90089
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Shin, Junseob; Yen, Jesse T (2013) Effects of dual apodization with cross-correlation on tissue harmonic and pulse inversion harmonic imaging in the presence of phase aberration. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 60:643-9