Dynamic organization of the human genome into chromatin regulates transcription initiation and elongation. Defects in chromatin modifications, assembly, disassembly and remodeling result in misregulation of oncogenes, which are associated with numerous cancers including ovarian, bladder, prostate, and colorectal tumors. Prior research has identified the components involved in chromatin transcriptional regulation (CTR), including histone variants and post-translational modifications (PTMs), histone modification enzymes, and histone chaperone assembly factors. Remarkably, genetic, biochemical, structural, deep sequencing and single molecule studies have not fully revealed the mechanisms of CTR. Therefore, new technologies are required to probe currently inaccessible dynamics and structure of chromatin assemblies at the 10-100 nm length scale, which encompasses critical molecular events the regulate DNA processing. This research will address current technological gaps through the development of nanoscale tools that measure mesoscale (10- 100nm) structure and dynamics of chromatin at specific cancer-relevant modification and processing sites. Specifically, we will develop 1) DNA origami nanostructures with multiple antibodies that recognize distinct physiological and cancer-relevant combinations of chromatin marks (histone modifications/variants and genomic DNA processing sites) and 2) DNA origami displacement sensors to study site-specific mesoscale dynamics at gene regulation sites. The long-term goal of this work is to develop tools and methods to probe chromatin function and dynamics at cancer-relevant chromatin modifications and oncogene regulation sites in vivo. Within the scope of this exploratory research, we will focus on the devic development, in vitro proof-of- principle, and characterizations of chromatin assemblies. Future work will build on the tools and experimental framework established here to implement DNA origami devices to probe intracellular function of chromatin assemblies.

Public Health Relevance

Dynamic organization of the human genome into chromatin regulates transcription initiation and elongation. Defects in chromatin modifications, assembly, disassembly and remodeling result in misregulation of oncogenes, which are associated with numerous cancers including ovarian, bladder, prostate, and colorectal tumors. Hence, chromatin modifying complexes are a main chemotherapeutic drug target. Prior research has identified the components involved in chromatin transcriptional regulation (CTR), including histone variants and post-translational modifications (PTMs), histone modification enzymes, and histone chaperone assembly factors. Remarkably, genetic, biochemical, structural, deep sequencing and single molecule studies have not fully revealed the mechanisms of CTR. Therefore, new technologies are required. This research will use the recently developed nanotechnology DNA origami to construct nanoscale tools that are capable of probing structure and dynamics of chromatin assemblies at physiological oncogene regulation sites. The development of these tools will enable measurement of previously inaccessible information critical to the function of chromatin. Within the scope of this exploratory research, we will focus on the device development, in vitro proof-of-principle, and characterizations of chromatin assemblies. Ultimately, we aim to build on this work to implement these devices in vivo to measure intracellular chromatin function in oncogene regulation. The DNA origami structure functionalization methods and experimental assays developed through this work will impart the ability to design and construct an unlimited set of nanostructures specifically functionalized to probe precise regions of the human genome.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
Project #
5R21CA174583-02
Application #
8658061
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-SRLB-Q (J1))
Program Officer
Knowlton, John R
Project Start
2013-05-02
Project End
2016-04-30
Budget Start
2014-05-01
Budget End
2015-04-30
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$211,250
Indirect Cost
$63,567
Name
Ohio State University
Department
Engineering (All Types)
Type
Schools of Engineering
DUNS #
832127323
City
Columbus
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
43210