Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) represent an important and rapidly growing class of therapeutics to treat cancer and other diseases, and their success has lead to extensive re-engineering efforts to improve and extend their functionality. Recently, we have uncovered a completely novel and highly specific interaction between a therapeutic antibody and a small peptide (a meditope). We hypothesize that this interaction can be exploited to more effectively target diseased tissue, potentially reduce adverse side effects, and lower the cost compared to current treatments involving combination of monoclonal antibodies. Towards these goals, we have demonstrated that we can couple this meditope to an antigen binding scaffold and target cells overexpressing the tumor antigen EGFR that have been pre-treated with the therapeutic monoclonal antibody against EGFR (cetuximab). This application leverages a new super-resolution protocol we recently developed which allows for quantitative investigation of single-molecule distribution on the plasma membrane. We will use super-resolution microscopy to systematically optimize multivalent meditopes as leads for cancer therapy and imaging. This combination of unique reagents and single molecule detection is highly innovative, and its successful demonstration will set the stage to develop and optimize new multivalent ligands to treat multiple cancer types.

Public Health Relevance

We discovered a novel site within a therapeutic mAb and demonstrated that we can use this site to target tumor cells overexpressing EGFR or Her2 using a multivalent ligand. The goal of this project is to use super-resolution microscopy to quantify EGFR and Her2 receptor density in tumor cells and to use this information to optimize multivalent ligands for enhanced tumor imaging and treatment. Successful application of this technology will be immediately translated to the clinic with the aim of treating colorectal and breast cancers, the second and third most deadly tumor types.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
Project #
1R21CA174608-01
Application #
8472301
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-SRLB-Q (J1))
Program Officer
Sorg, Brian S
Project Start
2013-05-16
Project End
2016-04-30
Budget Start
2013-05-16
Budget End
2014-04-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$236,049
Indirect Cost
$61,401
Name
City of Hope/Beckman Research Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
027176833
City
Duarte
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
91010