Enoxacin and Binhib16 were recently identified as novel inhibitors of osteoclast formation and function in in vitro assays. Previous studies had indicated that inhibitors of an interaction between the B-subunit of vacuolar H+ATPase (V-ATPase) and actin filaments should block the ability of osteoclasts to resorb bone. A computer based screen for small molecules predicted to bind the actin binding surface of subunit B and inhibit its interaction with actin filaments identified enoxacin and Binhib16. These molecules were then shown to block binding of pure rabbit muscle actin filaments to B-subunit in the test tube. Enoxacin and Binhib16 were tested for effects on osteoclast formation and function in vitro in calcitriol-stimulated mouse marrow cultures. Both blocked osteoclast formation and the function of pre-differentiated osteoclasts at a concentration of approximately 10 Four specific aims are suggested.
In Aim 1, we will develop a method for sustained local release of enoxacin and Binhib16 making use of Elvax. Numerous studies have utilized Elvax for similar applications.
In Aim 2, enoxacin and Binhib16 will be tested for its capacity to reduce periodontal bone loss in a well-established rat model of periodontitis.
Aim 3 will test whether treatment with enoxacin and Binhib16 reduces resorption associated with re- implantation making use of an established ferret system.
Aim 4 will test the capacity of enoxacin and Binhib16 to block orthodontic tooth movement in a rat model. This could provide a novel means for providing orthodontic anchorage. This study should provide initial evidence regarding the potential of inhibitors of V-ATPase-actin interactions for use in dental procedures. Support for the current studies is necessary in order to provide sufficient preliminary data to determine whether large scale pre-clinical studies are justified. Given that the proposed research represents a fresh and innovative approach to the use of bioactive small molecules for dental applications, and could have a large clinical impact, we believe that NIH support in the form of an R21 grant is warranted.

Public Health Relevance

A bioactive agent that inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption would be useful for various dental applications. Novel small molecule inhibitors of osteoclast function, enoxacin and Binhib16, have been identified using a supercomputer-based assay. The current proposal will conduct pilot preclinical tests of these molecules in animal models to examine their suitability for periodontic, endodontic and orthodontic uses.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Type
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
Project #
5R21DE019862-02
Application #
8118169
Study Section
Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering Study Section (MTE)
Program Officer
Lumelsky, Nadya L
Project Start
2010-08-01
Project End
2013-07-31
Budget Start
2011-08-01
Budget End
2013-07-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$181,294
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Florida
Department
Dentistry
Type
Schools of Dentistry
DUNS #
969663814
City
Gainesville
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
32611
Holliday, L S; McHugh, K P; Zuo, J et al. (2017) Exosomes: novel regulators of bone remodelling and potential therapeutic agents for orthodontics. Orthod Craniofac Res 20 Suppl 1:95-99
Nayar, Gautam; Gauna, Adrienne; Chukkapalli, Sasanka et al. (2016) Polymicrobial infection alter inflammatory microRNA in rat salivary glands during periodontal disease. Anaerobe 38:70-75
Huynh, N; VonMoss, L; Smith, D et al. (2016) Characterization of Regulatory Extracellular Vesicles from Osteoclasts. J Dent Res 95:673-9
Oktay, Sehkar; Chukkapalli, Sasanka S; Rivera-Kweh, Mercedes F et al. (2015) Periodontitis in rats induces systemic oxidative stress that is controlled by bone-targeted antiresorptives. J Periodontol 86:137-45
Rivera, Mercedes F; Chukkapalli, Sasanka S; Velsko, Irina M et al. (2014) Bis-enoxacin blocks rat alveolar bone resorption from experimental periodontitis. PLoS One 9:e92119
Toro, E J; Zuo, J; Gutierrez, A et al. (2013) Bis-enoxacin inhibits bone resorption and orthodontic tooth movement. J Dent Res 92:925-31
Holliday, L Shannon (2012) Editorial: vacuolar H(+)-ATPase: targeting a ""housekeeping"" enzyme for drug development. Curr Protein Pept Sci 13:105-6
Toro, Edgardo J; Ostrov, David A; Wronski, Thomas J et al. (2012) Rational identification of enoxacin as a novel V-ATPase-directed osteoclast inhibitor. Curr Protein Pept Sci 13:180-91
Toro, Edgardo J; Zuo, Jian; Ostrov, David A et al. (2012) Enoxacin directly inhibits osteoclastogenesis without inducing apoptosis. J Biol Chem 287:17894-904
Holliday, L S; Ostrov, D A; Wronski, T J et al. (2009) Osteoclast polarization and orthodontic tooth movement. Orthod Craniofac Res 12:105-12