The advent of implantable blood recirculating devices has provided life saving solutions to patients with severe cardiovascular diseases. Ventricular assist devices (VAD), blood pumps, and prosthetic heart valves (PHV) provide short to long term solutions for such patients. However, blood clots formation and the attendant risk for stroke remains an impediment to these devices. The complex life-long anticoagulant drug regimen they require, which induces vulnerability to hemorrhage and is not a viable therapy for some patients, does not eliminate this risk. Clot formation is potentiated by contact with foreign surfaces and the non-physiologic flow patterns that enhance the hemostatic response by chronically activating platelets. It is now recognized as the salient aspect of blood trauma in devices. We offer to develop state of the art multiscale numerical simulation methodology that will be able to predict and depict flow induced thrombogenicity in devices. Stresses induced by blood flow on platelets can be represented by a continuum mechanics models down to the order of the

Public Health Relevance

Better understanding of the complex interactions between living tissues and mechanical stimuli, as represented by the vexing problem of flow-induced cardiovascular devices thrombogenicity, calls for innovative multidisciplinary approaches that couple biophysical and biochemical transport phenomena spanning the spatial and temporal scales. In this proposal a multi-scale modeling approach will be developed that will efficiently utilize high performance computing (HPC) resources. The knowledge that will be gained by the proposed research is essential for developing the next generation of devices that will reduce mortality rates, improve patients'quality of life, and reduce the ensuing healthcare costs. The innovative methodology that will be developed may stimulate the burgeoning field of multiscale simulations and its application to solving complex clinical problems at the interface of engineering and biology. It has the potential to advance our understanding of biotransport processes to a new level that will have a major impact on important problems in biology and medicine.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
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Bioengineering, Technology and Surgical Sciences Study Section (BTSS)
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Baldwin, Tim
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State University New York Stony Brook
Biomedical Engineering
Schools of Engineering
Stony Brook
United States
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Bluestein, Danny; Soares, João S; Zhang, Peng et al. (2014) Multiscale Modeling of Flow Induced Thrombogenicity With Dissipative Particle Dynamics and Molecular Dynamics. J Med Device 8:0209541-209542
Soares, Joao S; Gao, Chao; Alemu, Yared et al. (2013) Simulation of platelets suspension flowing through a stenosis model using a dissipative particle dynamics approach. Ann Biomed Eng 41:2318-33