The Population Studies Center (PSC) at the University of Pennsylvania (Penn) has fostered research and training in population since 1962, with NICHD infrastructure support since 1978. Our goal is to remain a national and world leader in research on the growth and structure of human populations and the population perspective on health;and in the development of populations scientists, especially those grounded in demography. The PSC is characterized by remarkable continuity in its production of high-quality research bearing directly on the major themes of the DBSB: demography, behavioral and social science approaches to sexually transmitted diseases and reproductive health, and population-based studies of health and human development. This application is for the continuation of a co-ordination infrastructure that will: 1. Support the production of innovative, high-quality research on human populations -- the determinants and consequences of their structure and organization, their dynamics, and their health and well-being. Our emphasis is on: a) the study of the social and behavioral bases of health, including their interaction with health care policy, the implementation of health programs, and the distribution of social and economic resources. b) a population perspective for undertaking and evaluating interventions related to human capital development with sensitivity to underlying behaviors and endowments. c) demographic concepts and methods as important frames for interpreting the aggregation of diffuse individual characteristics;for the treatment of heterogeneity in human populations;and for the distribution of human capital (including health) and social status across generations. 2. Maintain an adaptive PSC at Penn that continues to facilitate and promote innovative, long-term careers for participating research scientists with a focus on providing opportunities for interdisciplinary research, and targeted development of junior faculty towards careers as influential population scientists. 3. Be an efficient conduit for application of scientific analyses, results, and innovations and the exchange of the human capital and organizational resources embodied in the PSC through engagement and evaluation of policies for the betterment of health;and co-ordination of research and scientific exchange between the population-based social sciences and the medical sciences research communities within Penn, across US and international population research centers.

Public Health Relevance

Population studies is a crucial intellectual platform at the intersection of the behavioral, social, and health sciences. The accounting and analytic frameworks of measurement and classification, and rates and compositions, anchors insights into the distribution and evolution of health and other aspects of social wellbeing in human populations. The interdisciplinary, co-operative research required to advance knowledge about the health, well-being, and organization of societies requires an adaptive scientific infrastructur.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Resource-Related Research Projects (R24)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-H (RC))
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Clark, Rebecca L
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University of Pennsylvania
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Lagranja, Elena Sofía; Phojanakong, Pam; Navarro, Alicia et al. (2015) Indigenous populations in transition: an evaluation of metabolic syndrome and its associated factors among the Toba of northern Argentina. Ann Hum Biol 42:84-90
Elo, Irma T; Martikainen, Pekka; Myrskylä, Mikko (2014) Socioeconomic status across the life course and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Finland. Soc Sci Med 119:198-206
Helleringer, Stéphane; Mkandawire, James; Kohler, Hans-Peter (2014) A new approach to measuring partnership concurrency and its association with HIV risk in couples. AIDS Behav 18:2291-301
Elo, Irma T; Beltrán-Sánchez, Hiram; Macinko, James (2014) The Contribution of Health Care and Other Interventions to Black-White Disparities in Life Expectancy, 1980-2007. Popul Res Policy Rev 33:97-126
Elo, Irma T; Vang, Zoua; Culhane, Jennifer F (2014) Variation in birth outcomes by mother's country of birth among non-Hispanic black women in the United States. Matern Child Health J 18:2371-81
Smith, Herbert L (2014) Effects of Causes and Causes of Effects: Some Remarks From the Sociological Side. Sociol Methods Res 43:406-415
Martikainen, Pekka; Ho, Jessica Y; Preston, Samuel et al. (2013) The changing contribution of smoking to educational differences in life expectancy: indirect estimates for Finnish men and women from 1971 to 2010. J Epidemiol Community Health 67:219-24
Helleringer, Stephane; Mkandawire, James; Reniers, Georges et al. (2013) Should home-based HIV testing and counseling services be offered periodically in programs of ARV treatment as prevention? A case study in Likoma (Malawi). AIDS Behav 17:2100-8
Margolis, Rachel (2013) Educational differences in healthy behavior changes and adherence among middle-aged Americans. J Health Soc Behav 54:353-68
Payne, Collin F; Mkandawire, James; Kohler, Hans-Peter (2013) Disability transitions and health expectancies among adults 45 years and older in Malawi: a cohort-based model. PLoS Med 10:e1001435

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