It is estimated that there are approximately 650,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in China. Although the epidemic is currently contained among relatively well defined sub-populations (IDUs, FSWs, former blood and plasma donors, migrant populations), it is widely agreed that China must take concerted action to avoid a generalized epidemic. Considering the central role of sexual transmission, a more comprehensive understanding of the facilitators and barriers to protective behaviors and VCT, as well as a structured, contextual analysis of the role that stigma and media, among other factors, play in fueling individual and community norms is necessary in order to further develop and appropriately target future prevention, testing, and treatment interventions. The capacity building program we propose builds upon relevant research by social scientists at Renmin (Peoples) University, and creates an integrated, efficient and sustainable model of collaboration between social scientists and public health/medical researchers at the China CDC National Center for AIDS Prevention and Control, and the Nanjing National Center for STD Prevention and control. Specifically, we propose to 1) develop a training program that will improve social scientists'capacity to conduct research on sexual transmission of HIV in China;2) employ a developmental award mechanism to fund mentored, collaborative research projects that will enable application of new skills to research on sexuality and sexual transmission of HIV, with particular focus on hard-to-reach sex workers and their clients;and 3) develop a China Social Science and HIV Prevention Network that will extend beyond the initial proposed partners.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Resource-Related Research Projects (R24)
Project #
5R24HD056670-05
Application #
8105505
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-W (07))
Program Officer
Newcomer, Susan
Project Start
2007-09-30
Project End
2014-07-31
Budget Start
2011-08-01
Budget End
2014-07-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$386,393
Indirect Cost
Name
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
608195277
City
Chapel Hill
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27599
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Huang, Yingying; Muessig, Kathryn E; Zhang, Ning et al. (2015) Unpacking the 'structural' in a structural approach for HIV prevention among female sex workers: a case study from China. Glob Public Health 10:852-66
Best, John; Tang, Weiming; Zhang, Ye et al. (2015) Sexual behaviors and HIV/syphilis testing among transgender individuals in China: implications for expanding HIV testing services. Sex Transm Dis 42:281-5
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Han, Larry; Bien, Cedric H; Wei, Chongyi et al. (2014) HIV self-testing among online MSM in China: implications for expanding HIV testing among key populations. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 67:216-21
Tucker, Joseph D; Muessig, Kathryn E; Cui, Rosa et al. (2014) Organizational characteristics of HIV/syphilis testing services for men who have sex with men in South China: a social entrepreneurship analysis and implications for creating sustainable service models. BMC Infect Dis 14:601
Abler, Laurie; Henderson, Gail; Wang, Xin et al. (2014) Affected by HIV stigma: interpreting results from a population survey of an urban center in Guangxi, China. AIDS Behav 18 Suppl 2:S192-201

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