Gender-specific residential post-release programs that provide incarcerated, African American women with supports may reduce substance use, HIV risk behaviors, and psychological symptoms. It is important to identify the types of settings or interventions that might promote health service utilization and more positive health outcomes following release from jail. Community based participatory research (CBPR) methodology can promote community level changes for these disenfranchised women by joining community agencies, consumers and researchers in the research process. This project established a community advisory board that links an extensive network of service providers and existing community coalitions. The community advisory board brings expertise with incarcerated women to the proposed research project. Members have collaborated on strategies to identify community assets, measure needs and develop effective interventions that may also reduce recidivism and prevent disease transmission. Outcomes and indicators will be examined within the social and environmental context in which they occur. The CAB has shared its resources to develop a profile of incarcerated women based on needs assessments. The findings will be disseminated to community members, agencies and state and local policy makers. Supportive recovery homes such as Oxford House may be particularly effective in promoting health outcomes and increasing positive health behaviors through social support (Jason et al., 2006b). The DePaul research team and the Oxford House community have been active participants in developing this proposal. The present study will examine the potentially different roles of abstinence-specific and general social support for African-American women who are exiting the criminal justice system. A randomized pretest-posttest experimental design will be employed that compares communal-living settings supportive of abstinence (i.e., Oxford House condition) to a usual care condition. We hypothesize that women assigned to the Oxford House condition will report reduced HIV risk behaviors and better health outcomes (i.e., increased health services utilization), decreased recidivism, increased abstinence from substance use, improved psychological functioning, and higher levels of support than women assigned to the usual care condition at all follow-up intervals. All steps in this project will be guided by active involvement of the community advisory board and lead to more rapid translation of research findings into community practice.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Type
Resource-Related Research Projects (R24)
Project #
5R24MD002748-05
Application #
8247667
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-RN (01))
Program Officer
Dankwa-Mullan, Irene
Project Start
2008-07-01
Project End
2015-03-31
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$556,191
Indirect Cost
$148,306
Name
De Paul University
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
045694130
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60604
Ram, Daphna; Siegel, Zachary A; Jason, Leonard A (2017) Housing as a Resource for Justice-Involved Women. Community Ment Health J 53:340-343
Majer, John M; Harris, Jasmine C; Jason, Leonard A (2017) An Examination of Women Ex-Offenders With Methadone Histories. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 61:711-723
May, Emily M; Hunter, Bronwyn A; Jason, Leonard A (2017) METHODOLOGICAL PLURALISM AND MIXED METHODOLOGY TO STRENGTHEN COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH: AN EXAMPLE FROM OXFORD HOUSE. J Community Psychol 45:100-116
Barringer, Alexandra; Hunter, Bronwyn A; Salina, Doreen D et al. (2017) Empowerment and Social Support: Implications for Practice and Programming Among Minority Women with Substance Abuse and Criminal Justice Histories. J Behav Health Serv Res 44:75-88
Salina, Doreen D; Figge, Caleb; Ram, Daphna et al. (2017) Rates of traumatization and psychopathology in criminal justice-involved women. J Trauma Dissociation 18:174-188
Isler, Brandon; Mineau, Megan; Hunter, Bronwyn et al. (2017) Relationship Themes Present between Parents and Children in Recovery Homes. Alcohol Treat Q 35:200-212
Ram, Daphna; Whipple, Christopher R; Jason, Leonard A (2016) Family Dynamics May Influence an Individual's Substance Use Abstinence Self-Efficacy. J Addict Prev Med 2:
Jason, Leonard A; Stevens, Ed; Light, John M (2016) The Relationship of Sense of Community and Trust to Hope. J Community Psychol 44:334-341
Majer, John M; Chapman, Hannah M; Jason, Leonard A (2016) Abstinence Self-Efficacy and Substance Use at 2 Years: The Moderating Effects of Residential Treatment Conditions. Alcohol Treat Q 34:386-401
Jason, Leonard A; Salina, Doreen; Ram, Daphna (2016) Oxford recovery housing: Length of stay correlated with improved outcomes for women previously involved with the criminal justice system. Subst Abus 37:248-54

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