We propose a 3-year study (R24) to facilitate dissemination, uptake, and sustainability of the HoMBReS: Por UN Cambio intervention, a lay health advisor (LHA) intervention found to be efficacious in reducing the HIV risk among immigrant Latino men in the Southeast. Informed by the lived experiences of immigrant Latino men, perspectives of organizational representatives, and social cognitive and empowerment theories, this intervention was developed and tested by a long-term community-university partnership that has used and will continue to use community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles throughout all phases of the research process. In the proposed study, 3 community-based organizations (CBOs) that represent typical community-level providers of HIV and STD prevention interventions (i.e., an AIDS service organization, a Latino-serving organization, and a county public health department) will work with our existing CBPR partnership to develop a comprehensive toolkit to guide implementation;implement and evaluate implementation;and disseminate results and materials through multiple channels. Each CBO will hire 1 part-time project coordinator to recruit, train, and support 8 lay health advisors (known as "Navigates"). These 24 Navigates will promote sexual health among members of their soccer team-based social networks for 12 months. Baseline and follow-up data will be collected from social network members to evaluate impact. Blending both quantitative and qualitative methods, we will explore facilitators and barriers to intervention implementation, fidelity, and potential sustainability by these diverse CBOs. Pre and post-implementation, we will conduct individual in-depth interviews with CBO representatives. Post-implementation, we also will conduct focus groups with Navigates at each CBO. We will use scale-up and spread, a framework informed by diffusion and social normative theories, to guide this study. We also will evaluate the CBPR process, using in-depth interviews with partners, direct observation of partnership meetings and study implementation, and partnership document review.
This study will provide insights to the increasing number of CBOs in the South seeking to reduce HIV/STD-related health disparities among the growing population of immigrant Latinos;and aligns with the Affordable Care Act's emphasis on recruiting and training community health workers to connect marginalized populations with preventive health services.
|Rhodes, Scott D; Leichliter, Jami S; Sun, Christina J et al. (2016) The HoMBReS and HoMBReS Por un Cambio Interventions to Reduce HIV Disparities Among Immigrant Hispanic/Latino Men. MMWR Suppl 65:51-6|
|Mann, Lilli; Tanner, Amanda E; Sun, Christina J et al. (2016) Listening to the voices of Latina women: Sexual and reproductive health intervention needs and priorities in a new settlement state in the United States. Health Care Women Int 37:979-994|
|Sun, Christina J; Mann, Lilli; Eng, Eugenia et al. (2015) Once a Navegante, Always a Navegante: Latino Men Sustain Their Roles as Lay Health Advisors to Promote General and Sexual Health to Their Social Network. AIDS Educ Prev 27:465-73|
|Mann, Lilli; Foley, Kristie L; Tanner, Amanda E et al. (2015) Increasing Cervical Cancer Screening Among US Hispanics/Latinas: A Qualitative Systematic Review. J Cancer Educ 30:374-87|
|Wagoner, Kimberly G; Downs, Mario; Alonzo, Jorge et al. (2015) Latino men's qualitative perspectives on a lay health advisor intervention to promote their sexual health. Health Soc Care Community 23:304-12|
|Martinez, Omar; Roth, Alexis M; Kelle, Guadalupe et al. (2014) Adaptation and implementation of HoMBReS: a community-level, evidence-based HIV behavioral intervention for heterosexual Latino men in the midwestern United States. AIDS Educ Prev 26:68-80|
|Daniel-Ulloa, Jason; Reboussin, Beth A; Gilbert, Paul A et al. (2014) Predictors of Heavy Episodic Drinking and Weekly Drunkenness Among Immigrant Latinos in North Carolina. Am J Mens Health 8:339-48|
|Rhodes, Scott D; Martinez, Omar; Song, Eun-Young et al. (2013) Depressive symptoms among immigrant Latino sexual minorities. Am J Health Behav 37:404-13|
|Rhodes, Scott D; Daniel, Jason; Song, Eun-Young et al. (2013) Social support among immigrant Latino men: a validation study. Am J Health Behav 37:620-8|
|Rhodes, Scott D; Duck, Stacy; Alonzo, Jorge et al. (2013) Using community-based participatory research to prevent HIV disparities: assumptions and opportunities identified by the Latino partnership. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63 Suppl 1:S32-5|
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