This application continues the previously funded doctoral research education program, Promoting Ethnic Diversity in Public Health Research Training. The education program is located within the University of Michigan's School of Public Health's (UMSPH) Center for Research on Ethnicity, Culture, and Health (CRECH). The central purpose of this IMSD program is to increase and maintain the number of under-represented students (i.e., African American, Latino, and American Indian) who apply, enroll, and successfully complete doctoral studies at the UMSPH. To date, the program has helped to produce 29 new PhDs from underrepresented groups. The program recruits all UMSPH qualified students, regardless of race or ethnicity, interested in the study of racial and ethnic health disparities. The substantive focus on racial/ethnic disparities is justified on the basis of two observations. First, despite improvements in overall health, noticeable inequalities among population groups persist. Second, far too many health problems fall disproportionately on racial and ethnic minority groups. Clearly there remains an ongoing need for public health research scientists working to describe, explain, and reduce health disparities. Students admitted to a UMSPH doctoral program are nominated for one of the IMSD positions. Selected IMSD students are appointed as paid graduate research assistants. All IMSD students are matched on the basis of substantive interests with faculty who are responsible for personalized research instruction, direction, and career mentoring. IMSD students must also enroll in the IMSD doctoral seminar where they learn about disparities research and are required to deliver research presentations on their own work. Students are also exposed to training in the responsible conduct of research in the seminar as well as through required attendance at 9 school-wide RCR modules. In order to continue the success of the prior funding periods, the UMSPH IMSD program will: 1) support eight doctoral students each year;2) support students for a minimum of two years;2) coordinate with the UM Rackham School of Graduate Studies'Merit Fellowship in order to offer students up to five-years of funding;4) establish partnerships with three new """"""""pipeline"""""""" diversity programs, two supported by the NIGMS Division of Training, Workforce Development, and Diversity (i.e., the """"""""Bridge to the Doctorate"""""""" and the """"""""Postbaccalaureate Research Education Program"""""""") and the """"""""Future Public Health Leaders Program"""""""" supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The IMSD program's independent evaluation will be handled by the National Center for Institutional Diversity.
This research education program focuses on racial and ethnic disparities research because despite improvements in overall health, noticeable inequalities among population groups persist. In addition, far too many health problems fall disproportionately on racial and ethnic minority groups. Clearly there is an ongoing need for training public health research scientists qualified to explain and reduce health disparities.
|Chatters, Linda M; Nguyen, Ann W; Taylor, Robert Joseph et al. (2018) Church and Family Support Networks and Depressive Symptoms among African Americans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life. J Community Psychol 46:403-417|
|Weaver, Addie; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Chatters, Linda M et al. (2018) Depressive symptoms and psychological distress among rural African Americans: The role of material hardship and self-rated health. J Affect Disord 236:207-210|
|Cross, Christina J; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Chatters, Linda M (2018) Ethnic and Gender Differences in Family Social Support among Black Adolescents. Healthcare (Basel) 6:|
|Taylor, Robert Joseph; Miller, Reuben; Mouzon, Dawne et al. (2018) Everyday Discrimination among African American Men: The Impact of Criminal Justice Contact. Race Justice 8:154-177|
|LeBrón, Alana M W; Schulz, Amy J; Mentz, Graciela et al. (2018) Impact of change over time in self-reported discrimination on blood pressure: implications for inequities in cardiovascular risk for a multi-racial urban community. Ethn Health :1-19|
|Taylor, Harry Owen; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Nguyen, Ann W et al. (2018) Social Isolation, Depression, and Psychological Distress Among Older Adults. J Aging Health 30:229-246|
|Woodward, Amanda Toler; Taylor, Robert Joseph (2018) Factors associated with the use of social workers for assistance with lifetime and 12-month behavioral health disorders. Soc Work Health Care 57:267-283|
|Kwarteng, Jamila L; Schulz, Amy J; Mentz, Graciela B et al. (2018) Does Perceived Safety Modify the Effectiveness of a Walking-Group Intervention Designed to Promote Physical Activity? Am J Health Promot 32:423-431|
|Cross, Christina J; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Chatters, Linda M (2018) Family Social Support Networks of African American and Black Caribbean Adolescents. J Child Fam Stud 27:2757-2771|
|Mouzon, Dawne M; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Woodward, Amanda et al. (2017) Everyday Racial Discrimination, Everyday Non-racial Discrimination, and Physical Health Among African Americans. J Ethn Cult Divers Soc Work 26:68-80|
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