By altering one's appraisal of risky situations, alcohol use may increase the propensity for engaging in dangerous or illegal activities. In this series of studies, drinking habits, alcohol intoxication and alcohol expectancy will be investigated as determinants of risk appraisal, reported likelihood of engaging in risky behaviors, and physiological responses to risky stimuli. In Study 1 questionnaire assessment will examine drinking habits, alcohol outcome expectancies, personality traits, age and gender as correlates of risk appraisal and reported frequency of engaging in risky behaviors. Study 2 will assess the effects of drinking habits and gender on pre- and post-drinking appraisals of written descriptions of 27 risky behaviors. Using videotaped stimuli, Experiments 3 - 5 will (a) investigate alcohol intoxication and alcohol expectancy as determinants of risk appraisal, and (b) conduct exploratory studies of the physiological correlates of risk appraisal. Study 3 will examine risk appraisal and physiological responses at two doses of alcohol, and for high, moderate and low risk stimuli. Experimental manipulation of beverage content and instruction in Study 4 will determine whether alcohol, or the belief that alcohol has been consumed, alters risk appraisal or reported likelihood of engaging in risky behaviors. Last, in Study 5 individuals will be recruited who differ in their beliefs about the effects of drinking alcohol. These alcohol outcome expectancies will be assessed as determinants of risk appraisal, reported likelihood of engaging in risky behaviors, and physiological responses to risky stimuli. In providing an understanding of the relation between alcohol and risk appraisal this research may facilitate development of risk-reduction programs, thereby alleviating some of our most significant medical and social problems.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
First Independent Research Support & Transition (FIRST) Awards (R29)
Project #
7R29AA009135-03
Application #
3452933
Study Section
Clinical and Treatment Subcommittee (ALCP)
Project Start
1993-08-01
Project End
1996-12-31
Budget Start
1993-08-01
Budget End
1993-12-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
1993
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Texas Austin
Department
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
City
Austin
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
78712
Hartzler, Bryan; Fromme, Kim (2003) Fragmentary and en bloc blackouts: similarity and distinction among episodes of alcohol-induced memory loss. J Stud Alcohol 64:547-50
Hartzler, Bryan; Fromme, Kim (2003) Cognitive-behavioral profiles of college risk-takers with Type II and psychopathic personality traits. Addict Behav 28:315-26
Hartzler, Bryan; Fromme, Kim (2003) Heavy episodic drinking and college entrance. J Drug Educ 33:259-74
D'Amico, Elizabeth J; Fromme, Kim (2002) Brief prevention for adolescent risk-taking behavior. Addiction 97:563-74
Fromme, K; D'Amico, E J (2000) Measuring adolescent alcohol outcome expectancies. Psychol Addict Behav 14:206-12
Fromme, K; D'Amico, E J; Katz, E C (1999) Intoxicated sexual risk taking: an expectancy or cognitive impairment explanation? J Stud Alcohol 60:54-63
Fromme, K; Katz, E; D'Amico, E (1997) Effects of alcohol intoxication on the perceived consequences of risk taking. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 5:14-23
D'Amico, E J; Fromme, K (1997) Health risk behaviors of adolescent and young adult siblings. Health Psychol 16:426-32
Johnson, C N; Fromme, K (1994) An experimental test of affect, subjective craving, and alcohol outcome expectancies as motivators of young adult drinking. Addict Behav 19:631-41