We propose to conduct a survey with a probability sample of Japanese adults (N = 1,000, divided equally by gender) aged 30 to 70 from the Tokyo metropolitan area. Data will be collected on sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, marital status, educational status, income), psychosocial characteristics (e.g., independence/interdependence, personality traits, sense of control, goal orientations, social support, family obligation, social responsibility), mental health (depression, anxiety, well-being, life satisfaction), and physical health (chronic conditions, health symptoms, functional limitations, health behaviors). These measures parallel those in a national longitudinal sample of midlife Americans known as MIDUS. The central objective is to compare the Japanese sample (MIDJA) with the U.S. sample (MIDUS) to test the hypothesis that the construct of interdependence predicts well-being and health in Japan, whereas the construct of independence predicts well-being and health in the U.S. We also predict age differences in health and well-being, some suggesting cultural similarities (e.g., declining purpose in life with age) and others indicating cultural differences (e.g., more age increments on other aspects of well-being in Japan compared to the U.S.). We also propose to collect biomarkers on approximately half of the Japanese survey sample (n = 500). We will include assessments of neuroendocrine regulation, immune function, and cardiovascular risk. These will parallel biological assessments in Project 4 of the ongoing MIDUS II P01. Thus, in both cultures we will examine linkages between psychosocial factors and biology to test the hypothesis that the construct of interdependence is more strongly linked with biological risk in Japan, whereas the construct of independence is more strongly linked with biological risk in the U.S. A final integrative goal is to combine sociodemographic, psychosocial, and reported health assessments to identify (via recursive partitioning) culture-specific pathways to high or low allostatic load (a multi-system indicator of biological risk). Since our prior submission, we have added extensive findings to Preliminary Studies that demonstrate (with pilot data) support for our guiding hypotheses and also document the feasibility of our proposed biological data collection.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Method to Extend Research in Time (MERIT) Award (R37)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section (SPIP)
Program Officer
Haaga, John G
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Wisconsin Madison
Other Health Professions
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Yoo, Jiah; Miyamoto, Yuri; Rigotti, Attilio et al. (2017) Linking Positive Affect to Blood Lipids: A Cultural Perspective. Psychol Sci 28:1468-1477
Takahashi, Yoshimitsu; Fujiwara, Takeo; Nakayama, Takeo et al. (2017) Subjective social status and trajectories of self-rated health status: a comparative analysis of Japan and the United States. J Public Health (Oxf) :1-8
Chopik, William J; Kitayama, Shinobu (2017) Personality change across the life span: Insights from a cross-cultural, longitudinal study. J Pers :
Boylan, Jennifer Morozink; Tsenkova, Vera K; Miyamoto, Yuri et al. (2017) Psychological resources and glucoregulation in Japanese adults: Findings from MIDJA. Health Psychol 36:449-457
Kitayama, Shinobu; Park, Jiyoung (2017) Emotion and biological health: the socio-cultural moderation. Curr Opin Psychol 17:99-105
Li, Angela; Robustelli, Briana L; Whisman, Mark A (2016) Marital Adjustment and Psychological Distress in Japan. J Soc Pers Relat 33:855-866
Whisman, Mark A; Judd, Charles M (2016) A cross-national analysis of measurement invariance of the Satisfaction With Life Scale. Psychol Assess 28:239-44
Levine, Cynthia S; Miyamoto, Yuri; Markus, Hazel Rose et al. (2016) Culture and Healthy Eating: The Role of Independence and Interdependence in the United States and Japan. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 42:1335-48
Sutin, Angelina R; Stephan, Yannick; Luchetti, Martina et al. (2016) The Five-Factor Model of Personality and Physical Inactivity: A Meta-Analysis of 16 Samples. J Res Pers 63:22-28
Yoo, Jiah; Miyamoto, Yuri; Ryff, Carol D (2016) Positive affect, social connectedness, and healthy biomarkers in Japan and the U.S. Emotion 16:1137-1146

Showing the most recent 10 out of 32 publications