The mechanisms by which proteins fold into their well-defined three-dimensional structures, and function is a problem that we are addressing through de novo protein design. In the previous funding period we focused on design and folding of peptides that assemble into three-helix bundles and four-helix diiron proteins. In the coming period, wewill design models for a number of redox-active proteins to determine how proteins create environments that define the reactivity and catalytic properties of metal ions and organic cofactors. In addition, we will design a series of peptides that change their aggregation state in response to covalent modification or binding of small molecules.
Our specific aims are as follows:
Aim 1, Design of proteins that bind diiron cofactors. Diiron proteins use a single di-metal ion cofactor to catalyze a multitude of processes, including reversible oxygen binding, hydrolytic reactions, iron oxidation, organic radical formation, and oxidation of hydrocarbons. How do the structures of these proteins tune the chemical properties of a common diiron center to obtain such a diversity of highly specific catalysts? To address this question, we have designed and structurally characterized several minimal models for diiron iproteins. In the coming period we will determine how systematic changes to the solvent-accessibility, electrostatics, and polarity of the dimetal site affect its reactivity and catalytic properties.
Aim 2. Computational design of proteins that bind a variety of inorganic and organic cofactors. We wil develop novel methods for the design of a variety of helical bundles and b-proteins that encapsulate metal ions, homes, synthetic porphyrins, and linked porphyrin-quinone conjugates.
Aim 3. Design of peptides that change their conformations in response to covalent modifications and binding of small molecules. These peptides will be structurally characterized, and used to control non-covalent interactions such as binding to DNA.
|Hilaire, Mary Rose; Ahmed, Ismail A; Lin, Chun-Wei et al. (2017) Blue fluorescent amino acid for biological spectroscopy and microscopy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:6005-6009|
|Stöhr, Jan; Wu, Haifan; Nick, Mimi et al. (2017) A 31-residue peptide induces aggregation of tau's microtubule-binding region in cells. Nat Chem 9:874-881|
|Lee, Myungwoon; Wang, Tuo; Makhlynets, Olga V et al. (2017) Zinc-binding structure of a catalytic amyloid from solid-state NMR. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:6191-6196|
|Shahzad-Ul-Hussan, Syed; Sastry, Mallika; Lemmin, Thomas et al. (2017) Insights from NMR Spectroscopy into the Conformational Properties of Man-9 and Its Recognition by Two HIV Binding Proteins. Chembiochem 18:764-771|
|Dang, Bobo; Wu, Haifan; Mulligan, Vikram Khipple et al. (2017) De novo design of covalently constrained mesosize protein scaffolds with unique tertiary structures. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:10852-10857|
|Fong, Karen P; Zhu, Hua; Span, Lisa M et al. (2016) Directly Activating the Integrin ?IIb?3 Initiates Outside-In Signaling by Causing ?IIb?3 Clustering. J Biol Chem 291:11706-16|
|Ulas, Gözde; Lemmin, Thomas; Wu, Yibing et al. (2016) Designed metalloprotein stabilizes a semiquinone radical. Nat Chem 8:354-9|
|To, Tsz-Leung; Medzihradszky, Katalin F; Burlingame, Alma L et al. (2016) Photoactivatable protein labeling by singlet oxygen mediated reactions. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 26:3359-3363|
|Mustata, Gina-Mirela; Kim, Yong Ho; Zhang, Jian et al. (2016) Graphene Symmetry Amplified by Designed Peptide Self-Assembly. Biophys J 110:2507-2516|
|Kim, Kook-Han; Ko, Dong-Kyun; Kim, Yong-Tae et al. (2016) Protein-directed self-assembly of a fullerene crystal. Nat Commun 7:11429|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 99 publications