Over the last decade+ that this R01/R37 has been funded, we have defined a key role for G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) kinase 2 (GRK2 or pARK1) in not only the dysregulation of p-adrenergic receptor signaling in the injured/stressed heart but also in cardiac functions that are independent from GRK2's actions on GPCRs. The data that we have published to date from this MERIT Award as well as ongoing research strongly argue for GRK2 being a nodal regulator of cardiac injury and pathogenesis of heart failure (HF). Our original Aims are still valid and are formulated to test the Central Hypothesis that GRK2 plays a critical role in pathological hypertrophy, ischemic injury and HF via mechanisms beyond GPCR desensitization. Our original Specific Aims are:
Specific Aim 1 : To determine whether non-GPCR functions of GRK2 play a facilitative role in the pathogenesis of maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy and LV remodeling.
Specific Aim 2 : To investigate the role of GRK2 in dysfunctional myocardial glucose uptake after ischemia and to determine the cellular mechanisms of how GRK2 regulates glucose metabolism and insulin signaling.
Specific Aim 3 : To determine whether viral-mediated gene transfer of a micro-RNA that targets and silences GRK2 expression (miGRK2) offers a novel therapeutic strategy for pathological hypertrophy and ischemic HF. With the two years left on the current period we will continue these studies testing our central hypothesis and will also embark on three new aims that are natural extensions of the above Aims and are exciting avenues uncovered by new data. These new Specific Aims are:
Specific Aim 4 : To determine the role of the amino-terminus (RGS domain) of GRK2 in cardiac hypertrophy.
Specific Aim 5 : To study the mechanistic role of MAP kinase regulation of GRK2 {at residue Ser670) in vivo through characterization and study of a novel GRK2-S670A knock-in mice.
Specific Aim 6 : To determine the role of GRK2 in the cardiac fibroblast during cardiac injury. These studies will continue to elucidate novel aspects of GRK2 biology in the heart as a nodal regulator of pathogenesis and a viable therapeutic target.

Public Health Relevance

Since expression levels and activity of GRK2 are elevated in failing myocardium including in human heart failure (HF), uncovering novel mechanistic aspects of this GRK using our unique animal models and molecular reagents will lead to a broader understanding of the pathogenesis of hypertrophic and ischemic cardiac dysfunction. Moreover, our translational studies described will prove that GRK2 is an innovative theraneutic taraftt for HF

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Method to Extend Research in Time (MERIT) Award (R37)
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No Study Section (in-house review) (NSS)
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Adhikari, Bishow B
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Temple University
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Hullmann, Jonathan E; Grisanti, Laurel A; Makarewich, Catherine A et al. (2014) GRK5-mediated exacerbation of pathological cardiac hypertrophy involves facilitation of nuclear NFAT activity. Circ Res 115:976-85
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Scimia, Maria Cecilia; Blass, Benjamin E; Koch, Walter J (2014) Apelin receptor: its responsiveness to stretch mechanisms and its potential for cardiovascular therapy. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 12:733-41
Khan, Mohsin; Mohsin, Sadia; Toko, Haruhiro et al. (2014) Cardiac progenitor cells engineered with *ARKct have enhanced *-adrenergic tolerance. Mol Ther 22:178-85
Lymperopoulos, Anastasios; Rengo, Giuseppe; Koch, Walter J (2013) Adrenergic nervous system in heart failure: pathophysiology and therapy. Circ Res 113:739-53
Chen, Mai; Sato, Priscila Y; Chuprun, J Kurt et al. (2013) Prodeath signaling of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 in cardiac myocytes after ischemic stress occurs via extracellular signal-regulated kinase-dependent heat shock protein 90-mediated mitochondrial targeting. Circ Res 112:1121-34
Huang, Z Maggie; Gao, Erhe; Fonseca, Fabio Vasconcelos et al. (2013) Convergence of G protein-coupled receptor and S-nitrosylation signaling determines the outcome to cardiac ischemic injury. Sci Signal 6:ra95

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