Lung cancer is the most prevalent cancer worldwide and responsible for the most cancer deaths in the United States. Existing therapies include surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy to kill the tumor cells, but these options are not adequate for the vast majority of patients. Thus, there is a significant need to develop new therapeutic approaches. One of the most promising areas of development is immunotherapy, which reprograms the immune system to recognize and eliminate the tumor. We identified a protein that is expressed on lung cancer cells that may allow a tumor to evade the immune system by regulating the recruitment of host immune cells. Our goal is to develop a neutralizing antibody that will inhibit the activity of this protein and reactivate the anti- tumor immune response, resulting in tumor regression. We have produced monoclonal antibodies against this target.
This first aim of this proposal is to characterize the antibodies in molecular and cellular assays to select the optimal antibody based upon binding the target and inhibiting its signaling activity.
The second aim of the proposal will test the antibody in mouse tumor models and determine if the antibody inhibits tumor growth. This proposal is the foundation for development of an antibody for use as human therapeutics. If successful, it will result in a new treatment option tha will improve survival for patients with lung cancer.

Public Health Relevance

Lung cancer patients do not have adequate treatment options and most die within five years of diagnosis. We have identified a protein expressed on lung cancers which may recruit inhibitory immune cells, thus permitting unrestricted tumor growth. We are testing antibodies that block the activity of this protein to determine if they prevent tumor growth in animal models;if so, these antibodies have the potential to be developed into therapeutics for humans.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Small Business Innovation Research Grants (SBIR) - Phase I (R43)
Project #
1R43CA186496-01
Application #
8714935
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1)
Program Officer
Weber, Patricia A
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Oncofactor Corporation
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Seattle
State
WA
Country
United States
Zip Code
98102