The overall goal for the proposed SBIR program is to develop an instrument system that can accept whole blood as an input sample and produce a genomic DNA library suitable for next- generation DNA sequencing (NGS). All steps, from DNA extraction to final library construction, take place by a single automated process, without any user intervention. Because of the fully automated process, the proposed system would greatly lower the cost and labor of NGS sequencing, and accelerate movement of NGS technology into clinical diagnostic settings. Another advantage of the instrument is that it should be scalable from 100's of ml of blood down to the single cell level. Application of NGS technology to small samples is an increasingly important goal in cancer research and diagnostics. The proposed system utilizes a novel approach to microfluidic sample preparation. A single continuous-flow technology is used to manipulate and separate cells, subcellular organelles, and large genomic DNA molecules (that exhibit particle-like properties). The use of a common technology for all sample prep steps provides several benefits: 1) Multiple sequential processing steps can be accomplished in a single operation, on a single consumable device, thereby simplifying system design. 2) In multi-step processes, integration of reaction steps and post-reaction cleanup steps enables seamless, potentially zero-loss transfer of sample between processing steps. 3) Sample purification is accomplished on the basis of "particle" size alone. Differential adsorption to solid phases is not used, and sample loss due to incomplete elution is voided. 4) It is straightforward to automate the lengthy, complex sample preparation protocols that are typical of most NGS platforms, making it easier and more cost effective to move NGS technology into high throughput applications like clinical trials research and diagnostic testing.

Public Health Relevance

The overall goal for the proposed SBIR program is to develop an instrument system that can accept whole blood as an input sample and produce a genomic DNA library suitable for next- generation DNA sequencing (NGS). All steps, from DNA extraction to final library construction, take place by a single automated process, without any user intervention. Because of the fully automated process, the proposed system would greatly lower the cost and labor of NGS sequencing, and accelerate movement of NGS technology into clinical diagnostic settings.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Type
Small Business Innovation Research Grants (SBIR) - Phase I (R43)
Project #
1R43HG006818-01
Application #
8314280
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-IMST-K (14))
Program Officer
Schloss, Jeffery
Project Start
2012-07-06
Project End
2014-01-08
Budget Start
2012-07-06
Budget End
2014-01-08
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$144,071
Indirect Cost
Name
Sage Science, Inc.
Department
Type
DUNS #
620406533
City
Beverly
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
01915