West Virginia is characterized by its rural and rugged terrain, depressed economy, and poor access to adequate medical services. It is the only state that lies entirely within Appalachia. For those workers who are employed, work is often labor intensive such as that required in underground mining, family farming, timber harvesting and other rural occupations. These factors contribute to an injury fatality rate that exceeds the national rate. As the state's land-grant flagship institution for both research and patient care, West Virginia University (WVU) is committed to improving the health and safety of West Virginians. While significant improvements in emergency medicine, trauma care and injury prevention have occurred over the last 10 years, there remains a critical need for injury research, education, and dissemination activities throughout the state and surrounding region. The mission of the WVU ICRC is to advance the science and practice of injury control through research, education, and information dissemination. Over the next five years, the Center plans to accomplish this mission by pursuing the following Specific Aims: 1) conduct and stimulate interdisciplinary injury control research, with emphasis on injuries affecting high-risk rural populations;2) promote scholarship and leadership in injury control by educating the next generation of WVU graduate students and medical students in the science and practice of injury control;3) Provide accurate and timely information on the health and economic burden imposed by injuries and the effectiveness of preventive interventions through a range of dissemination activities;and 4) maintain an organizational structure that supports our mission and enhances Center growth, quality, and efficiency through an evaluation and review process. Six research projects are proposed: 1) Rural-Urban Differences in Injury Hospitalizations (large, acute care/prevention [AC/P]);2) Development and Evaluation of an Intervention for Intimate Partner Violence in the Context of Nurse Home Visits (large, P);3) The Black-White Suicide Paradox: A Multilevel Multiple Cause-of-Death Evaluation (small, P);4) Understanding the Long-term Consequences of Injury among Older Adults (small, P);4) Adaptive Measures of Family Violence (small, P);and 6) How often do Catastrophic Injury Victims Become Medicaid Recipients? (small, P/AC).

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)
Type
Injury Control Research and Demonstration Projects and Injury Prevention Research Centers (R49)
Project #
5R49CE001170-04
Application #
7904741
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCE1-GXC (02))
Program Officer
Smutz, Paul
Project Start
2007-08-01
Project End
2012-07-31
Budget Start
2010-08-01
Budget End
2011-07-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$936,431
Indirect Cost
Name
West Virginia University
Department
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
191510239
City
Morgantown
State
WV
Country
United States
Zip Code
26506
Jack, Susan M; Ford-Gilboe, Marilyn; Davidov, Danielle et al. (2017) Identification and assessment of intimate partner violence in nurse home visitation. J Clin Nurs 26:2215-2228
Carter, Mary W; Reymann, Megan R (2014) ED use by older adults attempting suicide. Am J Emerg Med 32:535-40
Scribano, Philip V; Stevens, Jack; Kaizar, Elly et al. (2013) The effects of intimate partner violence before, during, and after pregnancy in nurse visited first time mothers. Matern Child Health J 17:307-18
Zhu, Motao; Zhao, Songzhu; Coben, Jeffrey H et al. (2013) Why more male pedestrians die in vehicle-pedestrian collisions than female pedestrians: a decompositional analysis. Inj Prev 19:227-31
Zhu, Motao; Cummings, Peter; Chu, Haitao et al. (2013) Graduated driver licensing and motor vehicle crashes involving teenage drivers: an exploratory age-stratified meta-analysis. Inj Prev 19:49-57
Zhu, Motao; Zhao, Songzhu; Gurka, Kelly K et al. (2013) Appalachian versus non-Appalachian U.S. traffic fatalities, 2008-2010. Ann Epidemiol 23:377-80
Porell, Frank W; Carter, Mary W (2012) Risk of mortality and nursing home institutionalization after injury. J Am Geriatr Soc 60:1498-503
Davidov, Danielle M; Jack, Susan M; Frost, Stephanie S et al. (2012) Mandatory reporting in the context of home visitation programs: intimate partner violence and children's exposure to intimate partner violence. Violence Against Women 18:595-610
Jack, Susan M; Ford-Gilboe, Marilyn; Wathen, C Nadine et al. (2012) Development of a nurse home visitation intervention for intimate partner violence. BMC Health Serv Res 12:50
Rockett, Ian R H; Regier, Michael D; Kapusta, Nestor D et al. (2012) Leading causes of unintentional and intentional injury mortality: United States, 2000-2009. Am J Public Health 102:e84-92

Showing the most recent 10 out of 22 publications