The long-term objective of the proposed Columbia Injury Control Research Center (ICRC) is to improve population health by reducing injury morbidity and mortality through knowledge creation, dissemination, and translation, development of innovative and structured training programs, and implementation and evaluation of evidence-based interventions and best practices.
The specific aims of the Columbia ICRC are to: 1) create an administrative structure to provide effective leadership, oversight, mentorship, and coordination, to integrate expertise and other resources across academic divisions, and to leverage financial and other support for achieving the center's long-term objective;2) expand and operate a multilevel outreach network to facilitate collaboration across public and private sectors, and to ensure access to technical assistance, training, and translation of scientific discoveries into effective intervention programs;3) develop innovative and transformative training and education programs to provide interdisciplinary learning opportunities for students, researchers, clinicians, and other professionals;and 4) establish academic excellence in the areas of injury-related policy evaluation, translational research, and research methodology. Proposed projects address falls in older adults by translating efficacious prevention programs into local communities, disability resulting from violent trauma to youth, effectiveness of federaly funded safe-routes-to-school programs in reducing child pedestrian injuries, and impact of state medical marijuana laws on drug involvement in fatal motor vehicle crashes. The proposed ICRC will help strengthen the scientific foundation for the prevention and control of injury and violenc, and accelerate the dissemination and implementation of effective intervention programs.

Public Health Relevance

Each year in the US, unintentional and intentional injuries claim about 180,000 lives and result in 27 million emergency department visits and 2.8 million hospital admissions, with an estimated economic cost of over $400 billion. The proposed injury control research center at Columbia University aims to reduce injury mortality and morbidity by establishing the administrative and academic infrastructure to facilitate collaboration across disciplines in research and training and accelerate the translation of scientific discoveries into effective intervention programs. OVERALL CENTER

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Columbia University (N.Y.)
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Huang, Xiwen; Keyes, Katherine M; Li, Guohua (2018) Increasing Prescription Opioid and Heroin Overdose Mortality in the United States, 1999-2014: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis. Am J Public Health 108:131-136
Chihuri, Stanford; Wong, Christopher Kevin (2018) Factors associated with the likelihood of fall-related injury among people with lower limb loss. Inj Epidemiol 5:42
Sun, Sara A; Ma, Xiaoyue; Li, Guohua et al. (2018) Epidemiologic patterns of in-hospital anaphylaxis in pediatric surgical patients. J Allergy Clin Immunol 141:1904-1905.e2
Prin, Meghan; Guglielminotti, Jean; Mtalimanja, Onias et al. (2018) Emergency-to-Elective Surgery Ratio: A Global Indicator of Access to Surgical Care. World J Surg 42:1971-1980
Brady, Joanne E; Giglio, Rebecca; Keyes, Katherine M et al. (2017) Risk markers for fatal and non-fatal prescription drug overdose: a meta-analysis. Inj Epidemiol 4:24
Guan, Joseph; Li, Guohua (2017) Characteristics of unintentional drowning deaths in children with autism spectrum disorder. Inj Epidemiol 4:32
Bond, Elizabeth G; Durbin, Laura L; Cisewski, Jodi A et al. (2017) Association between baseline frailty and driving status over time: a secondary analysis of The National Health and Aging Trends Study. Inj Epidemiol 4:9
Chihuri, Stanford; Li, Guohua (2017) Trends in Prescription Opioids Detected in Fatally Injured Drivers in 6 US States: 1995-2015. Am J Public Health 107:1487-1492
Gu, Jing; Mohit, Babak; Muennig, Peter Alexander (2017) The cost-effectiveness of bike lanes in New York City. Inj Prev 23:239-243
Guan, Joseph; Li, Guohua (2017) Injury Mortality in Individuals With Autism. Am J Public Health 107:791-793

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