Excessive alcohol consumption is third among the causes of preventable death in the United States (CDC, 2004). To reduce this heavy toll on the health of the nation, we need to develop a better understanding of the biological, psychological, and social factors that lead to alcohol-related morbidity and mortality, as well as to develop and test new techniques for prevention and intervention. Most of this work will be accomplished by our next generation of alcohol researchers. The IART program has sucesfully trained postdoctoral fellow since 1982. Of the 34 fellows who have completed the program, 29 (85%) are in academic or senior research positions. Alcohol research requires investigators who are trained in the most current and sophisticated methods and who understand the application of these methodologies to the questions and design issues that are specific to alcohol research. The Interdisciplinary Alcohol Research Training (IART) program is in an excellent position to train students to apply these skills to research. They have access to the combined faculties of the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (WPIC), the Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH), the Medical School, as well as the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh. This unusual open access to resources, combined with the presence of outstanding research within each of these divisions, has resulted in a very rich training environment. Training in the IART program involves active participation on research projects with faculty mentors supplemented by courses in Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Addiction Medicine, Psychiatric and Behavioral disciplines. Faculty are selected for the IART program based on their established careers in research and must have demonstrated mentoring and teaching skills. These faculty members are diverse and multidisciplinary. The IART program is committed to training researchers who will demonstrate excellence and innovation in their research careers. This application is a competing renewal of T32 AA07453. We request support of two postdoctoral trainees per year over the next five years. This is the same number we have trained per year in the last 9 years. We have found that this number is attainable, efficient, best complements the resources within the existing university training programs, and assures filled slots with exemplary candidates.

Public Health Relevance

Excessive alcohol consumption is third among the causes of preventable death in the United States. To reduce this heavy toll on the health of the nation, the next generation of alcohol researchers needs to be trained in the most current and sophisticated scientific methods to understand and to reduce alcohol abuse, dependence, and alcohol related mortality. This proposal is to train these individuals in an ongoing program that has a history of successfully training researchers in alcohol research.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32AA007453-32
Application #
8493903
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-CC (01))
Program Officer
Godette, Dionne
Project Start
1982-10-01
Project End
2017-06-30
Budget Start
2013-07-01
Budget End
2014-06-30
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$74,336
Indirect Cost
$8,432
Name
University of Pittsburgh
Department
Psychiatry
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
004514360
City
Pittsburgh
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
15213
Mendez, Dara D; Kim, Kevin H; Hardaway, Cecily R et al. (2016) Neighborhood Racial and Socioeconomic Disparities in the Food and Alcohol Environment: Are There Differences by Commercial Data Sources? J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 3:108-16
Pedersen, Sarah L; Walther, Christine A P; Harty, Seth C et al. (2016) The indirect effects of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on alcohol problems in adulthood through unique facets of impulsivity. Addiction 111:1582-9
Creswell, Kasey G; Bachrach, Rachel L; Wright, Aidan G C et al. (2016) Predicting problematic alcohol use with the DSM-5 alternative model of personality pathology. Personal Disord 7:103-11
Black, Jessica J; Clark, Duncan B; Martin, Christopher S et al. (2015) Course of alcohol symptoms and social anxiety disorder from adolescence to young adulthood. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 39:1008-15
Rofey, Dana L; Arslanian, Silva A; El Nokali, Nermeen E et al. (2015) Brain volume and white matter in youth with type 2 diabetes compared to obese and normal weight, non-diabetic peers: A pilot study. Int J Dev Neurosci 46:88-91
Bechtold, Jordan; Simpson, Theresa; White, Helene R et al. (2015) Chronic adolescent marijuana use as a risk factor for physical and mental health problems in young adult men. Psychol Addict Behav 29:552-63
Pardini, Dustin; Bechtold, Jordan; Loeber, Rolf et al. (2015) Developmental Trajectories of Marijuana Use among Men: Examining Linkages with Criminal Behavior and Psychopathic Features into the Mid-30s. J Res Crime Delinq 52:797-828
Harty, Seth C; Pedersen, Sarah L; Gnagy, Elizabeth M et al. (2015) ADHD and Marijuana-Use Expectancies in Young Adulthood. Subst Use Misuse 50:1470-8
White, Helene R; Bechtold, Jordan; Loeber, Rolf et al. (2015) Divergent marijuana trajectories among men: Socioeconomic, relationship, and life satisfaction outcomes in the mid-30s. Drug Alcohol Depend 156:62-9
Pardini, Dustin; White, Helene R; Xiong, Shuangyan et al. (2015) Unfazed or Dazed and Confused: Does Early Adolescent Marijuana Use Cause Sustained Impairments in Attention and Academic Functioning? J Abnorm Child Psychol 43:1203-17

Showing the most recent 10 out of 74 publications