The purpose of this predoctoral and postdoctoral research training program is to provide rigorous training in the general fields of social, medical, and economic demography of aging. The program focuses on five substantive areas: a) biodemography, including indices and models of aging, vitality, and frailty, b) health disparities (by race/ethnicity, sex, socioeconomic status) among the elderly;c) international comparative studies of the health of aging populations in both developed and developing countries;d) important life course transitions (e.g., family changes, work and retirement, morbidity and disability) that relate to the health and well-being of aging persons;and e) the economics of aging. These areas require a core of researchers with doctoral and postdoctoral training who are skilled in state-of-the-art analytic methods and population modeling. The training program is administered through the Duke Population Research Institute (DuPRI), an interdisciplinary research organization of Duke University, and the Department of Sociology. Established in 2006, DuPRI constitutes a reorganization and expansion of population studies at Duke and replaces the Center for Demographic Studies, which was historically associated with this training grant. Predoctoral training is carried on with the full collaboration of the graduate training programs of the Departments of Sociology, Economics, and Public Policy in which doctorates are awarded. The training takes place at DuPRI, the Departments, and the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development. The facilities at all these sites are utilized by both predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees. Eight predoctoral trainees with various background levels will be appointed in each year to conduct aging studies through the completion of their doctoral dissertations, normally four to five years for entering students with B.A. degrees. Trainees must fulfill all theory and methods requirements of a Ph.D. in sociology, economics, or public policy. In addition, all trainees must take required courses in the demography of aging and in demographic and statistical models and methods. At the postdoctoral level, two appointments of persons with a Ph.D. or equivalent degree will be made. These postdoctoral trainees typically will be recruited with varied levels of experience for two-year periods of training. They gain first-hand experience under direct supervision of preceptors on major ongoing research projects. They also are provided the opportunity of taking appropriate courses to obtain advanced training knowledge in needed methodological and substantive areas.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed pre-doctoral and postdoctoral training program will prepare scientists from a range of disciplines relevant to the study of aging. These scientists will develop new knowledge that can be used to address the challenges, especially the health challenges, of an aging society.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1)
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Patmios, Georgeanne E
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Duke University
Social Sciences
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Kail, Ben Lennox; Taylor, Miles G (2014) Cumulative inequality and racial disparities in health: private insurance coverage and black/white differences in functional limitations. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 69:798-808
Snyder-Mackler, Noah; Somel, Mehmet; Tung, Jenny (2014) Shared signatures of social stress and aging in peripheral blood mononuclear cell gene expression profiles. Aging Cell 13:954-7
Moorad, Jacob A (2013) Multi-level sexual selection: individual and family-level selection for mating success in a historical human population. Evolution 67:1635-48
Carr, Dawn C; Kail, Ben Lennox (2013) The influence of unpaid work on the transition out of full-time paid work. Gerontologist 53:92-101
Moorad, Jacob A (2013) A demographic transition altered the strength of selection for fitness and age-specific survival and fertility in a 19th century American population. Evolution 67:1622-34
Kail, Ben Lennox (2012) Coverage or costs: the role of health insurance in labor market reentry among early retirees. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 67:113-20
Moren-Cross, Jennifer L; Wright, Darlene R; LaGory, Mark et al. (2006) Perceived neighborhood characteristics and problem behavior among disadvantaged children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 36:273-94
Taylor, Miles G; Lynch, Scott M (2004) Trajectories of impairment, social support, and depressive symptoms in later life. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 59:S238-46
Lynch, Scott M; George, Linda K (2002) Interlocking trajectories of loss-related events and depressive symptoms among elders. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 57:S117-25
Lynch, S M; Brown, J S (2001) Reconsidering mortality compression and deceleration: an alterative model of mortality rates. Demography 38:79-95

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