The basic purpose of the proposed program for Multidisciplinary Engineering Training in Musculoskeletal Research is to provide predoctoral trainees with a superb foundation in the biomedical engineering sciences and technologies that are a critical component of musculoskeletal research, while also teaching them the language of communication and collaboration with clinician and biomedical scientists in this broad field. Musculoskeletal research is a rich multidisciplinary field where some of the most exciting advances occur at the interface between the clinical, biological and engineering sciences. However, within each of these disciplines, a very broad range of sub-specializations exists. When a team of musculoskeletal researchers comes together, an optimal synergistic interaction is most likely to occur if each member brings the best and broadest level of expertise from his/her discipline to the table, while still being conversant in the areas of other team members. Thus, the training program proposed in this application is intended to provide trainees with a broad set of biomedical engineering foundations in biomechanics, cell and tissue engineering, and biomedical imaging, to enable excellence and leadership on interdisciplinary teams of musculoskeletal researchers, employing state-of-the-art engineering science, technology, and theoretical, computational and experimental techniques, in the study of the various soft and hard tissues of the musculoskeletal system. The program will capitalize on the large number of active musculoskeletal researchers at Columbia, their broad range of expertise, and extensive available resources. The program will recruit 3 new trainees per year on average, for a total of 15 trainees over the 5 year period of the project. Each trainee will be supported on this grant for two years, then transition to existing sponsored projects under the direction of one or more mentors.

Public Health Relevance

Engineering sciences and technologies represent a pillar of musculoskeletal research. Engineering breakthroughs can have a major impact on our understanding of disease progression and the development of clinical treatment modalities.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32AR059038-04
Application #
8711285
Study Section
Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Special Grants Review Committee (AMS)
Program Officer
Wang, Fei
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Columbia University (N.Y.)
Department
Biomedical Engineering
Type
Biomed Engr/Col Engr/Engr Sta
DUNS #
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10027
Cigan, Alexander D; Roach, Brendan L; Nims, Robert J et al. (2016) High seeding density of human chondrocytes in agarose produces tissue-engineered cartilage approaching native mechanical and biochemical properties. J Biomech 49:1909-17
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Cigan, Alexander D; Nims, Robert J; Vunjak-Novakovic, Gordana et al. (2016) Optimizing nutrient channel spacing and revisiting TGF-beta in large engineered cartilage constructs. J Biomech 49:2089-94
Qu, Dovina; Mosher, Christopher Z; Boushell, Margaret K et al. (2015) Engineering complex orthopaedic tissues via strategic biomimicry. Ann Biomed Eng 43:697-717
Nims, Robert J; Cigan, Alexander D; Albro, Michael B et al. (2015) Matrix Production in Large Engineered Cartilage Constructs Is Enhanced by Nutrient Channels and Excess Media Supply. Tissue Eng Part C Methods 21:747-57
Roach, Brendan L; Hung, Clark T; Cook, James L et al. (2015) Fabrication of tissue engineered osteochondral grafts for restoring the articular surface of diarthrodial joints. Methods 84:103-8
Chen, Julia C; Chua, Mardonn; Bellon, Raymond B et al. (2015) Epigenetic changes during mechanically induced osteogenic lineage commitment. J Biomech Eng 137:020902
Cigan, Alexander D; Nims, Robert J; Albro, Michael B et al. (2014) Nutrient channels and stirring enhanced the composition and stiffness of large cartilage constructs. J Biomech 47:3847-54

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