Training in Research on Addictions in Interdisciplinary NeuroAIDS (TRAIN) Interdisciplinary clinical research on the combined effects of substance abuse and HIV infection on brain structure and function is of considerable relevance to public health initiatives. However, there are presently very few laboratories conducting such research and no current training programs dedicated to preparing the next generation of investigators in clinical research at the intersection of addictions and neuroAIDS. Accordingly, we propose to establish a new Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award Institutional Training Grant (NRSA T32) entitled, "Training in Research on Addictions in Interdisciplinary NeuroAIDS (TRAIN)." The aim of TRAIN is to prepare a steady state of four pre-doctoral students and two post-doctoral fellows in clinical neuropsychology for multidisciplinary academic careers focused on the central nervous system (CNS) effects of substance abuse and HIV infection. We will recruit a highly qualified and culturally diverse cohort of trainees that demonstrate promise toward achieving productive academic careers. The TRAIN program will emphasize research training in three primary, interrelated CNS outcomes, which were selected because of their salience and public health relevance as clinical features of HIV-infected substance abusers: (1) neurocognitive impairment (e.g., decision-making, memory);(2) everyday functioning (e.g., medication adherence, vocational outcomes);and (3) structural and functional neuroimaging (e.g., diffusion tensor imaging). Students and fellows will be actively engaged in individualized, flexible career development plans that will include applied research training, didactics (e.g., formal class work and structured seminars), and targeted clinical experiences. An accomplished faculty with strong training interests and a long history of collaborative research will be available to mentor the trainees. The TRAIN faculty consists of 20 mentors across multiple academic disciplines that possess considerable expertise in neural injury, neuroimaging, neuropsychology, and everyday functioning in substance abuse and HIV infection. TRAIN will be led by Dr. Steven Paul Woods and Co-Directors, Drs. Igor Grant and Robert K. Heaton, who will oversee all of the training, scientific, and administrative aspects of the program, including a rigorous process of internal and external evaluation. The TRAIN program will be housed within the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego, where it will benefit from a resource rich academic environment that includes a strong substance abuse and neuroAIDS research infrastructure, most notably the NIDA-funded Translational Methamphetamine AIDS Research Center (TMARC). In summary, TRAIN will bring together a bright and diverse cohort of pre- and post-doctoral trainees, an accomplished multidisciplinary team of mentors, an effective administrative structure, and broad array of academic resources to prepare the Nation's next generation of academics who will advance the science and practice of substance abuse and neuroAIDS.
Substance abuse and HIV infection are highly prevalent, commonly co-occur, and have adverse affects on brain structure and function, but too few scientists are properly trained to study these important phenomena. Therefore, this new training program seeks to develop the next generation of academic leaders in this important area. To accomplish this goal, this program will recruit a diverse and promising cohort of pre- and post-doctoral trainees to engage in individualized, rigorous clinical research training in substance abuse and HIV under the mentorship of the accomplished, interdisciplinary faculty at the University of California, San Diego.
|Brown, Gregory G; Jacobus, Joanna; McKenna, Benjamin (2016) Structural imaging for addiction medicine: From neurostructure to neuroplasticity. Prog Brain Res 224:105-27|
|McKenna, Benjamin S; Brown, Gregory G; Archibald, Sarah et al. (2016) Microstructural changes to the brain of mice after methamphetamine exposure as identified with diffusion tensor imaging. Psychiatry Res 249:27-37|
|Casaletto, Kaitlin B; Kwan, Sara; Montoya, Jessica L et al. (2016) Predictors of psychotropic medication adherence among HIV+ individuals living with bipolar disorder. Int J Psychiatry Med 51:69-83|
|Soontornniyomkij, Virawudh; Kesby, James P; Morgan, Erin E et al. (2016) Effects of HIV and Methamphetamine on Brain and Behavior: Evidence from Human Studies and Animal Models. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 11:495-510|
|Pierce, Karen; Marinero, Steven; Hazin, Roxana et al. (2016) Eye Tracking Reveals Abnormal Visual Preference for Geometric Images as an Early Biomarker of an Autism Spectrum Disorder Subtype Associated With Increased Symptom Severity. Biol Psychiatry 79:657-66|
|Squeglia, Lindsay M; Ball, Tali M; Jacobus, Joanna et al. (2016) Neural Predictors of Initiating Alcohol Use During Adolescence. Am J Psychiatry :appiajp201615121587|
|Avci, G; Loft, S; Sheppard, D P et al. (2016) The effects of HIV disease and older age on laboratory-based, naturalistic, and self-perceived symptoms of prospective memory: does retrieval cue type and delay interval matter? Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 23:716-43|
|Sheppard, David P; Weber, Erica; Casaletto, Kaitlin B et al. (2016) Pill Burden Influences the Association Between Time-Based Prospective Memory and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence in Younger But Not Older HIV-Infected Adults. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 27:595-607|
|Woods, Steven Paul; Iudicello, Jennifer E; Morgan, Erin E et al. (2016) Health-Related Everyday Functioning in the Internet Age: HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders Disrupt Online Pharmacy and Health Chart Navigation Skills. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 31:176-85|
|Kamat, Rujvi; Doyle, Katie L; Iudicello, Jennifer E et al. (2016) Neurobehavioral Disturbances During Acute and Early HIV Infection. Cogn Behav Neurol 29:1-10|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 75 publications