This application is for a continuing institutional grant designed to provide research training in the area of communication disorders and sciences for four predoctoral and two postdoctoral trainees per year. Hands-on apprenticeship training is provided in four interrelated areas: (1) Speech Production, Development, and Disorders;(2) Language Structure, Development, and Disorders;(3) Speech and Voice Physiology;and (4) Auditory Perception, Neural Coding and Plasticity, and Sensory Aids. Two additional areas will be offered as "feeder" specialties for predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees working in one of these four areas: (5) Cognitive Neuroscience Approaches to Hearing, Language Processing, and Communication Disorders;and (6) Linguistics Applied to Communication Science and Disorders. Fifteen active researchers in the Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences will serve as the participating faculty. These individuals routinely collaborate on projects that cut across these research areas. Advanced coursework will be taken;however, the main purpose of the training program is to provide intensive interactive research experience leading toward the establishment of successful independent clinical investigators. The proposed program focuses especially on the recruitment and training of individuals with a basic science background who wish to pursue research careers in communication disorders, and individuals with a primarily clinical background whose prior research training was minimal. Along with the laboratory research experience, trainees will gain grant experience through a required research grant writing course and the preparation of F31/F32 fellowship applications. Both predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees will be funded for two years. Predoctoral students will be funded before and after their two-year training grant funding through university fellowships, their major advisors'R01 grants, and, if awarded, individual F31 fellowships. The structure and emphasis of the proposed program should help to address the critical shortage of active and successful researchers in the field of communication disorders.
The number of successful researchers working in the area of deafness and other communication disorders is not sufficient to meet current needs. In this application, we propose a training program designed to bolster the research skills of clinicians and to introduce basic scientists to the study of communication disorders. Through this program, we can increase the proportion of PhDs who make substantive scientific contributions to our knowledge of the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of communication.
|Hegland, Erica L; Strickland, Elizabeth A (2016) Aging Effects on Behavioural Estimates of Suppression with Short Suppressors. Adv Exp Med Biol 894:9-17|
|Richtsmeier, Peter T; Goffman, Lisa (2015) Learning trajectories for speech motor performance in children with specific language impairment. J Commun Disord 55:31-43|
|Krok, Windi C; Leonard, Laurence B (2015) Past Tense Production in Children With and Without Specific Language Impairment Across Germanic Languages: A Meta-Analysis. J Speech Lang Hear Res 58:1326-40|
|Roverud, Elin; Strickland, Elizabeth A (2014) Accounting for nonmonotonic precursor duration effects with gain reduction in the temporal window model. J Acoust Soc Am 135:1321-34|
|Souto, SofÃa M; Leonard, Laurence B; Deevy, Patricia (2014) Identifying risk for specific language impairment with narrow and global measures of grammar. Clin Linguist Phon 28:741-56|
|Purdy, J D; Leonard, Laurence B; Weber-Fox, Christine et al. (2014) Decreased sensitivity to long-distance dependencies in children with a history of specific language impairment: electrophysiological evidence. J Speech Lang Hear Res 57:1040-59|
|Smalt, Christopher J; Heinz, Michael G; Strickland, Elizabeth A (2014) Modeling the time-varying and level-dependent effects of the medial olivocochlear reflex in auditory nerve responses. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 15:159-73|
|Agus, Trevor R; Carrion-Castillo, Amaia; Pressnitzer, Daniel et al. (2014) Perceptual learning of acoustic noise by individuals with dyslexia. J Speech Lang Hear Res 57:1069-77|
|Smalt, Christopher J; Gonzalez-Castillo, Javier; Talavage, Thomas M et al. (2013) Neural correlates of adaptation in freely-moving normal hearing subjects under cochlear implant acoustic simulations. Neuroimage 82:500-9|
|Gladfelter, Allison; Leonard, Laurence B (2013) Alternative tense and agreement morpheme measures for assessing grammatical deficits during the preschool period. J Speech Lang Hear Res 56:542-52|
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