We propose renewal of our interdisciplinary program in Language, Communication, and the Brain aimed at training a new breed of interdisciplinary, multi-method language scientist. The proposed program pulls together the expertise, ideas, populations and technologies available in abundance across this community, placing them at the disposal of young scientists interested in the mental and neural mechanisms underlying language learning, use, and disorders across the lifespan. The cross-departmental program (across 4 departments) for the next 5 years will be headed by an Executive Committee of 5 junior-senior director pairs (including program director, M. Kutas) and directors of 5 research-training components: (1) Psycholinguistics (K. Rayner, V. Ferreiera), including studies of real-time language comprehension and production, using behavioral, eye tracking, and electrophysiological measures;(2) Neuroimaging of Language (E. Halgren, R. Kluender), including ERP, MEG, fMRI, and intracranial recordings applied to normal and abnormal individuals;(3) Computational Modeling of Language (J. Elman, A. Kehler), including a broad class of modeling techniques (e.g., neural networks, statistical analysis of large scale language corpora, Bayesian models);(4) Signed Languages and Gesture (K. Emmorey, S. Coulson) studied via multiple techniques per se and as probes into the neurobiological and cognitive architectures of human language;and (5) Language Acquisition and Decline (M. Kutas, R. Mayberry), multi-method approaches to the language acquisition, learning, and use from infancy to old age. All trainees specialize in (at least) 2 of the 5 areas, with some exposure to all 5 areas through laboratory rotations, coursework, and activities within the UCSD Center for Research in Language, offered by a larger faculty of scientists at UCSD and SDSU. We request 7 pre-doctoral (increase of 1) and 2 post-doctoral (each supported for 2 years) trainees per year. The public health benefits of this training program will be to change the predominant view that language is an abstract symbol processing, rule-generating system instantiated in some brain structure to a more dynamic one in which language is a processing experience that may alter the anatomical (and associated functional) organizations of the brain regions involved in interpreting it. This changing perspective has implications for 1st and 2nd language (bilingual &immigrant) learning and remediation with normal aging and brain damage.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32DC000041-20
Application #
8269872
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDC1-SRB-Y (53))
Program Officer
Sklare, Dan
Project Start
1993-07-01
Project End
2013-12-31
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-12-31
Support Year
20
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$355,488
Indirect Cost
$23,444
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
804355790
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
Smith, Nathaniel J; Kutas, Marta (2015) Regression-based estimation of ERP waveforms: I. The rERP framework. Psychophysiology 52:157-68
Schotter, Elizabeth R; Bicknell, Klinton; Howard, Ian et al. (2014) Task effects reveal cognitive flexibility responding to frequency and predictability: evidence from eye movements in reading and proofreading. Cognition 131:1-27
Amsel, Ben D; Urbach, Thomas P; Kutas, Marta (2014) Empirically grounding grounded cognition: the case of color. Neuroimage 99:149-57
Hall, Matthew L; Ferreira, Victor S; Mayberry, Rachel I (2014) Investigating constituent order change with elicited pantomime: a functional account of SVO emergence. Cogn Sci 38:943-72
Pajak, Bozena; Levy, Roger (2014) The role of abstraction in non-native speech perception. J Phon 46:147-160
Schotter, Elizabeth R; Jia, Annie; Ferreira, Victor S et al. (2014) Preview benefit in speaking occurs regardless of preview timing. Psychon Bull Rev 21:755-62
Kemmer, Laura; Coulson, Seana; Kutas, Marta (2014) Grammatical number agreement processing using the visual half-field paradigm: an event-related brain potential study. Int J Psychophysiol 91:88-103
Schotter, Elizabeth R (2013) Synonyms Provide Semantic Preview Benefit in English. J Mem Lang 69:
Borovsky, Arielle; Kutas, Marta; Elman, Jeffrey L (2013) Getting it right: word learning across the hemispheres. Neuropsychologia 51:825-37
Hall, Matthew L; Mayberry, Rachel I; Ferreira, Victor S (2013) Cognitive constraints on constituent order: evidence from elicited pantomime. Cognition 129:1-17

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