Halting and reversing upward secular trends in body weight in the US is an important medical and public health challenge. Additional skilled researchers in obesity prevention are much needed, but training programs are few. Obesity is a complex disorder that has multiple causes and multiple potential strategies for prevention and treatment. The present proposal is for a training grant called the Minnesota Obesity Prevention Training (MnOPT) program. Its goal is to provide multidisciplinary training for a new generation of obesity prevention scientists. The proposed training program would have three training tracks: basic science, behavioral epidemiology, and clinical. The MnOPT program will provide training for predoctoral, postdoctoral, and medical fellows. There will be 6 training slots: 3 predoctoral and 3 postdoctoral fellows. Robert Jeffery, professor in Epidemiology and Community Health, is the Program Director. Catherine Kotz, professor in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Charles Billington, professor in Medicine, are the Codirectors. Dr. Billington will oversee the clinical science, Dr. Kotz the basic science, and Dr. Jeffery the behavioral epidemiology training. There are 36 participating faculty with active research programs who will serve as mentors in these areas. Trainees will be exposed to research and training in each of these fields. Trainees will complete a research projects, publish manuscripts, complete a core curriculum, attend journal clubs and seminars, and receive training in grant writing, research ethics and career development. The training arms will ensure that the diverse disciplines engaged in obesity research are well represented and there is cross-fostering between arms to fulfill the need for transdisciplinary training. The University of Minnesota and affiliated research facilities are uniquely qualified to host this training grant. As a large research university with Schools of Public Health, Medicine, Agriculture, NIH-supported Comprehensive Obesity and Obesity Prevention Centers, and a General Clinical Research Center, the University of Minnesota has the resources to provide trainees with a broad training experience in research ranging from basic mechanisms underlying obesity development to clinical and behavioral strategies to prevent obesity.

Public Health Relevance

Obesity is a rapidly increasingly problem in the US that increases health care costs, reduces quality of life and reduces productivity of millions of Americans. It is one of the greatest threats to public health. Finding ways to stop increases in obesity and to and reverse current trends requires intensive scientific study. The proposed grant will provide the training necessary to fill this need.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32DK083250-04
Application #
8442945
Study Section
Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases B Subcommittee (DDK)
Program Officer
Densmore, Christine L
Project Start
2010-04-01
Project End
2015-03-31
Budget Start
2013-04-01
Budget End
2014-03-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$266,727
Indirect Cost
$17,950
Name
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
555917996
City
Minneapolis
State
MN
Country
United States
Zip Code
55455
VanKim, Nicole A; Erickson, Darin J; Eisenberg, Marla E et al. (2016) Differences in Weight-Related Behavioral Profiles by Sexual Orientation Among College Men: A Latent Class Analysis. Am J Health Promot 30:623-633
Ryder, Justin R; Dengel, Donald R; Jacobs Jr, David R et al. (2016) Relations among Adiposity and Insulin Resistance with Flow-Mediated Dilation, Carotid Intima-Media Thickness, and Arterial Stiffness in Children. J Pediatr 168:205-11
Bunney, Patricia E; Burroughs, Danielle; Hernandez, Christine et al. (2016) The effects of nicotine self-administration and withdrawal on concurrently available chow and sucrose intake in adult male rats. Physiol Behav 154:49-59
Crane, Melissa M; Jeffery, Robert W; Sherwood, Nancy E (2016) Exploring Gender Differences in a Randomized Trial of Weight Loss Maintenance. Am J Mens Health :
Ryder, Justin R; O'Connell, Michael; Bosch, Tyler A et al. (2016) Impaired cardiac autonomic nervous system function is associated with pediatric hypertension independent of adiposity. Pediatr Res 79:49-54
Kelly, A S; Ryder, J R; Marlatt, K L et al. (2016) Changes in inflammation, oxidative stress and adipokines following bariatric surgery among adolescents with severe obesity. Int J Obes (Lond) 40:275-80
VanKim, Nicole A; Erickson, Darin J; Eisenberg, Marla E et al. (2016) Relationship between weight-related behavioral profiles and health outcomes by sexual orientation and gender. Obesity (Silver Spring) 24:1572-81
JaKa, M M; Haapala, J L; Trapl, E S et al. (2016) Reporting of treatment fidelity in behavioural paediatric obesity intervention trials: a systematic review. Obes Rev 17:1287-1300
VanKim, Nicole A; Porta, Carolyn M; Eisenberg, Marla E et al. (2016) Lesbian, gay and bisexual college student perspectives on disparities in weight-related behaviours and body image: a qualitative analysis. J Clin Nurs 25:3676-3686
JaKa, Meghan M; Seburg, Elisabeth M; Roeder, Alison M et al. (2015) Objectively coding intervention fidelity during a phone-based obesity prevention study. J Obes Overweight 1:

Showing the most recent 10 out of 48 publications