Halting and reversing upward secular trends in body weight in the US is an important medical and public health challenge. Additional skilled researchers in obesity prevention are much needed, but training programs are few. Obesity is a complex disorder that has multiple causes and multiple potential strategies for prevention and treatment. The present proposal is for a training grant called the Minnesota Obesity Prevention Training (MnOPT) program. Its goal is to provide multidisciplinary training for a new generation of obesity prevention scientists. The proposed training program would have three training tracks: basic science, behavioral epidemiology, and clinical. The MnOPT program will provide training for predoctoral, postdoctoral, and medical fellows. There will be 6 training slots: 3 predoctoral and 3 postdoctoral fellows. Robert Jeffery, professor in Epidemiology and Community Health, is the Program Director. Catherine Kotz, professor in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Charles Billington, professor in Medicine, are the Codirectors. Dr. Billington will oversee the clinical science, Dr. Kotz the basic science, and Dr. Jeffery the behavioral epidemiology training. There are 36 participating faculty with active research programs who will serve as mentors in these areas. Trainees will be exposed to research and training in each of these fields. Trainees will complete a research projects, publish manuscripts, complete a core curriculum, attend journal clubs and seminars, and receive training in grant writing, research ethics and career development. The training arms will ensure that the diverse disciplines engaged in obesity research are well represented and there is cross-fostering between arms to fulfill the need for transdisciplinary training. The University of Minnesota and affiliated research facilities are uniquely qualified to host this training grant. As a large research university with Schools of Public Health, Medicine, Agriculture, NIH-supported Comprehensive Obesity and Obesity Prevention Centers, and a General Clinical Research Center, the University of Minnesota has the resources to provide trainees with a broad training experience in research ranging from basic mechanisms underlying obesity development to clinical and behavioral strategies to prevent obesity.

Public Health Relevance

Obesity is a rapidly increasingly problem in the US that increases health care costs, reduces quality of life and reduces productivity of millions of Americans. It is one of the greatest threats to public health. Finding ways to stop increases in obesity and to and reverse current trends requires intensive scientific study. The proposed grant will provide the training necessary to fill this need.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32DK083250-04
Application #
8442945
Study Section
Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases B Subcommittee (DDK)
Program Officer
Densmore, Christine L
Project Start
2010-04-01
Project End
2015-03-31
Budget Start
2013-04-01
Budget End
2014-03-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$266,727
Indirect Cost
$17,950
Name
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
555917996
City
Minneapolis
State
MN
Country
United States
Zip Code
55455
Zink, A N; Bunney, P E; Holm, A A et al. (2018) Neuromodulation of orexin neurons reduces diet-induced adiposity. Int J Obes (Lond) 42:737-745
Utter, Jennifer; Larson, Nicole; Laska, Melissa N et al. (2018) Self-Perceived Cooking Skills in Emerging Adulthood Predict Better Dietary Behaviors and Intake 10 Years Later: A Longitudinal Study. J Nutr Educ Behav 50:494-500
Winkler, Megan R; Berge, Jerica M; Larson, Nicole et al. (2018) Parent-child health- and weight-focused conversations: Who is saying what and to whom? Appetite 126:114-120
Berge, Jerica M; Winkler, Megan R; Larson, Nicole et al. (2018) Intergenerational Transmission of Parent Encouragement to Diet From Adolescence Into Adulthood. Pediatrics 141:
Pacanowski, Carly R; Linde, Jennifer A; Faulconbridge, Lucy F et al. (2018) Psychological status and weight variability over eight years: Results from Look AHEAD. Health Psychol 37:238-246
Bunney, Patricia E; Hansen, Mylissa; LeSage, Mark (2018) Effects of isolated tobacco alkaloids and tobacco products on deprivation-induced food intake and meal patterns in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 165:45-55
JaKa, Meghan M; French, Simone A; Wolfson, Julian et al. (2018) Understanding Outcomes in Behavior Change Interventions to Prevent Pediatric Obesity: The Role of Dose and Behavior Change Techniques. Health Educ Behav :1090198118798679
Crane, Melissa M; Gavin, Kara; Wolfson, Julian et al. (2018) How Accurate are Recalls of Self-Weighing Frequency? Data from a 24-Month Randomized Trial. Obesity (Silver Spring) 26:1296-1302
Crane, Melissa M; Lutes, Lesley D; Sherwood, Nancy E et al. (2018) Weight Loss Strategies Utilized in a Men's Weight Loss Intervention. Health Educ Behav 45:401-409
Larson, Nicole; Chen, Ying; Wall, Melanie et al. (2018) Personal, behavioral, and environmental predictors of healthy weight maintenance during the transition to adulthood. Prev Med 113:80-90

Showing the most recent 10 out of 76 publications