This proposal seeks to renew support for a training program at the Chemistry-Biology Interface (CBI) at Johns Hopkins University that was established in 2005 and received NIH support in 2008. The goal is to train predoctoral students to carry out biomedical research using the tools of Chemistry and Biology. The Program is a collaborative effort between faculty in the Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (Bloomberg School of Public Health), Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences (School of Medicine), Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry (School of Medicine), and Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (Whiting School of Engineering), with their colleagues in the Biology, Biophysics, and Chemistry Departments (Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts &Sciences). Student participants have a diverse array of research projects including synthesis, mechanism, enzymology, molecular imaging, and biomacromolecular structure to choose from in 32 research groups. The students receive coursework training in the biological and chemical sciences, including a two-semester course in Chemical Biology designed especially for the Program, but open to all Johns Hopkins University students. Other aspects of the CBI Program include CBI Forum where students present original research proposals, research updates, first year research rotation results, and defend their theses, as well as an Annual Retreat. The students are immersed in a common curriculum (independent of the Department in which their research advisors hold primary appointments), apply directly to the CBI Program, and receive a Ph.D. in Chemical Biology upon completion. The CBI Program was initiated in fall 2005 using funding from the University, which continues to provide a high level of support. NIH currently provides one year of support for 5 students. Support is requested for 6 graduate students. An extensive network of support in the form of advising and mentoring is in place to maximize the students'success. This has resulted in >92% retention of students since the program began in 2005.

Public Health Relevance

The roles of chemistry and biology in basic and applied biomedical research are of paramount importance. There is a rapidly increasing need for scientists who can traverse both fields of science. The CBI Program at Johns Hopkins University is training scientists with this ability.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (TWD)
Program Officer
Fabian, Miles
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Johns Hopkins University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
Zip Code
Cohen, Douglas R; Townsend, Craig A (2018) A dual role for a polyketide synthase in dynemicin enediyne and anthraquinone biosynthesis. Nat Chem 10:231-236
Johnson, Eric A; Russo, Miranda M; Nye, Dillon B et al. (2018) Lysine as a heme iron ligand: A property common to three truncated hemoglobins from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj 1862:2660-2673
Saraiva, Raúl G; Huitt-Roehl, Callie R; Tripathi, Abhai et al. (2018) Chromobacterium spp. mediate their anti-Plasmodium activity through secretion of the histone deacetylase inhibitor romidepsin. Sci Rep 8:6176
Sanders, Sara; Bartee, David; Harrison, Mackenzie J et al. (2018) Growth medium-dependent antimicrobial activity of early stage MEP pathway inhibitors. PLoS One 13:e0197638
Herbst, Dominik A; Huitt-Roehl, Callie R; Jakob, Roman P et al. (2018) The structural organization of substrate loading in iterative polyketide synthases. Nat Chem Biol 14:474-479
Nye, Dillon B; Preimesberger, Matthew R; Majumdar, Ananya et al. (2018) Histidine-Lysine Axial Ligand Switching in a Hemoglobin: A Role for Heme Propionates. Biochemistry 57:631-644
Singh, Digvijay; Wang, Yanbo; Mallon, John et al. (2018) Mechanisms of improved specificity of engineered Cas9s revealed by single-molecule FRET analysis. Nat Struct Mol Biol 25:347-354
Bartee, David; Freel Meyers, Caren L (2018) Toward Understanding the Chemistry and Biology of 1-Deoxy-d-xylulose 5-Phosphate (DXP) Synthase: A Unique Antimicrobial Target at the Heart of Bacterial Metabolism. Acc Chem Res 51:2546-2555
Boucher, Lauren E; Hopp, Christine S; Muthinja, Julianne Mendi et al. (2018) Discovery of Plasmodium (M)TRAP-Aldolase Interaction Stabilizers Interfering with Sporozoite Motility and Invasion. ACS Infect Dis 4:620-634
Nye, Dillon B; Lecomte, Juliette T J (2018) Replacement of the Distal Histidine Reveals a Noncanonical Heme Binding Site in a 2-on-2 Hemoglobin. Biochemistry 57:5785-5796

Showing the most recent 10 out of 82 publications