We are requesting a continuation of the NICHD training grant in demography to the University of Pennsylvania. Six pre-doctoral positions are proposed. We are not requesting postdoctoral positions. The program we describe continues Penn's longstanding tradition of excellence in training in demography with support through a NICHD training grant. For the next grant period the program is enhanced by a better integration of advances in the understanding of the relationship between populations and health and in the methodological tools available for demographers and other social scientists to address the social, policy and public health challenges in the study of health and well-being of populations. The principal aim of the demography pre-doctoral program at the University of Pennsylvania is to train independent researchers who are prepared to play leading roles in social demography and population analysis, including the growth, structure, health and well-being of human populations. This goal is achieved through (i) intensive instruction in the methods, theoretical approaches, and empirical substance of demography and allied disciplines;and (ii) progressive incorporation of students into faculty research activities that will eventually branch into independent research. Central to the achievement of this goal is exposure of students to the demographer's modus operandi. Demography represents an approach to studying social phenomena that is-in important dimensions-distinct from other approaches in the social sciences, is relevant to social and health policies in the U.S. and abroad, and lies at the nexus of several disciplines.

Public Health Relevance

Training in demography as proposed in this application is essential for research on fertility, families, population movement, morbidity and mortality, HIV/AIDS, and population composition, i.e., topics that are to the NICHD DBSB mission. Trainees graduating from Penn's program in Demography will also be able to make essential contributions to the themes emphasized in the NICHD Scientific Vision process for the next decade, including in the areas of using multi-level approaches to modeling behaviors, innovations in studying environmental influences on behavior, research emphasizing critical periods of development and transition, innovations in health interventions.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DRG-D (55))
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Clark, Rebecca L
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University of Pennsylvania
Social Sciences
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Chae, Sophia (2016) Forgotten marriages? Measuring the reliability of marriage histories. Demogr Res 34:525-562
Gurven, Michael; Costa, Megan; Ben Trumble et al. (2016) Health costs of reproduction are minimal despite high fertility, mortality and subsistence lifestyle. Sci Rep 6:30056
Sudharsanan, Nikkil; Behrman, Jere R; Kohler, Hans-Peter (2016) Limited common origins of multiple adult health-related behaviors: Evidence from U.S. twins. Soc Sci Med 171:67-83
Fedor, Theresa M; Kohler, Hans-Peter; McMahon, James M (2016) Changing attitudes and beliefs towards a woman's right to protect against HIV risk in Malawi. Cult Health Sex 18:435-52
He, Monica M (2016) Driving through the Great Recession: Why does motor vehicle fatality decrease when the economy slows down? Soc Sci Med 155:1-11
Kelly, Laura A; Preston, Samuel H (2016) The contribution of a history of heavy smoking to Scotland's mortality disadvantage. Popul Stud (Camb) 70:59-71
Shah, P M; Sudharsanan, N; Cunningham, S A (2016) Before-school and after-school childcare and children's risk of obesity. Pediatr Obes :
Chae, Sophia (2016) Parental Divorce and Children's Schooling in Rural Malawi. Demography 53:1743-1770
Cranney, Stephen (2016) The Temporal Stability of Lack of Sexual Attraction Across Young Adulthood. Arch Sex Behav 45:743-9
Sudharsanan, Nikkil; Romano, Sebastian; Cunningham, Solveig A (2016) School Breakfast Receipt and Obesity among American Fifth- and Eighth-Graders. J Acad Nutr Diet 116:599-607.e3

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