We are requesting a continuation of the NICHD training grant in demography to the University of Pennsylvania. Six pre-doctoral positions are proposed. We are not requesting postdoctoral positions. The program we describe continues Penn's longstanding tradition of excellence in training in demography with support through a NICHD training grant. For the next grant period the program is enhanced by a better integration of advances in the understanding of the relationship between populations and health and in the methodological tools available for demographers and other social scientists to address the social, policy and public health challenges in the study of health and well-being of populations. The principal aim of the demography pre-doctoral program at the University of Pennsylvania is to train independent researchers who are prepared to play leading roles in social demography and population analysis, including the growth, structure, health and well-being of human populations. This goal is achieved through (i) intensive instruction in the methods, theoretical approaches, and empirical substance of demography and allied disciplines;and (ii) progressive incorporation of students into faculty research activities that will eventually branch into independent research. Central to the achievement of this goal is exposure of students to the demographer's modus operandi. Demography represents an approach to studying social phenomena that is-in important dimensions-distinct from other approaches in the social sciences, is relevant to social and health policies in the U.S. and abroad, and lies at the nexus of several disciplines.

Public Health Relevance

Training in demography as proposed in this application is essential for research on fertility, families, population movement, morbidity and mortality, HIV/AIDS, and population composition, i.e., topics that are to the NICHD DBSB mission. Trainees graduating from Penn's program in Demography will also be able to make essential contributions to the themes emphasized in the NICHD Scientific Vision process for the next decade, including in the areas of using multi-level approaches to modeling behaviors, innovations in studying environmental influences on behavior, research emphasizing critical periods of development and transition, innovations in health interventions.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DRG-D (55))
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Clark, Rebecca L
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University of Pennsylvania
Social Sciences
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Sohn, Heeju (2017) Medicaid's lasting impressions: Population health and insurance at birth. Soc Sci Med 177:205-212
Rossier, Clémentine; Corker, Jamaica (2017) Contemporary Use of Traditional Contraception in sub-Saharan Africa. Popul Dev Rev 43:192-215
Shah, P M; Sudharsanan, N; Cunningham, S A (2017) Before-school and after-school childcare and children's risk of obesity. Pediatr Obes 12:58-66
Vierboom, Yana C (2017) The contribution of differences in adiposity to educational disparities in mortality in the United States. Demogr Res 37:1735-1760
Corker, Jamaica (2017) Fertility and Child Mortality in Urban West Africa: Leveraging geo-referenced data to move beyond the urban/rural dichotomy. Popul Space Place 23:
Hendi, Arun S (2017) Trends in Education-Specific Life Expectancy, Data Quality, and Shifting Education Distributions: A Note on Recent Research. Demography 54:1203-1213
Cranney, Stephen (2016) The Temporal Stability of Lack of Sexual Attraction Across Young Adulthood. Arch Sex Behav 45:743-9
Tesfai, Rebbeca (2016) The Interaction between Race and Nativity on the Housing Market: Homeownership and House Value of Black Immigrants in the United States. Int Migr Rev 50:1005-1045
Chae, Sophia (2016) Forgotten marriages? Measuring the reliability of marriage histories. Demogr Res 34:525-562
Gurven, Michael; Costa, Megan; Ben Trumble et al. (2016) Health costs of reproduction are minimal despite high fertility, mortality and subsistence lifestyle. Sci Rep 6:30056

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