We are requesting a continuation of the NICHD training grant in demography to the University of Pennsylvania. Six pre-doctoral positions are proposed. We are not requesting postdoctoral positions. The program we describe continues Penn's longstanding tradition of excellence in training in demography with support through a NICHD training grant. For the next grant period the program is enhanced by a better integration of advances in the understanding of the relationship between populations and health and in the methodological tools available for demographers and other social scientists to address the social, policy and public health challenges in the study of health and well-being of populations. The principal aim of the demography pre-doctoral program at the University of Pennsylvania is to train independent researchers who are prepared to play leading roles in social demography and population analysis, including the growth, structure, health and well-being of human populations. This goal is achieved through (i) intensive instruction in the methods, theoretical approaches, and empirical substance of demography and allied disciplines;and (ii) progressive incorporation of students into faculty research activities that will eventually branch into independent research. Central to the achievement of this goal is exposure of students to the demographer's modus operandi. Demography represents an approach to studying social phenomena that is-in important dimensions-distinct from other approaches in the social sciences, is relevant to social and health policies in the U.S. and abroad, and lies at the nexus of several disciplines.
Training in demography as proposed in this application is essential for research on fertility, families, population movement, morbidity and mortality, HIV/AIDS, and population composition, i.e., topics that are to the NICHD DBSB mission. Trainees graduating from Penn's program in Demography will also be able to make essential contributions to the themes emphasized in the NICHD Scientific Vision process for the next decade, including in the areas of using multi-level approaches to modeling behaviors, innovations in studying environmental influences on behavior, research emphasizing critical periods of development and transition, innovations in health interventions.
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|Preston, Samuel H; Stokes, Andrew (2014) Obesity paradox: conditioning on disease enhances biases in estimating the mortality risks of obesity. Epidemiology 25:454-61|
|Preston, Samuel H; Stokes, Andrew; Mehta, Neil K et al. (2014) Projecting the effect of changes in smoking and obesity on future life expectancy in the United States. Demography 51:27-49|
|Hartnett, Caroline Sten (2014) White-Hispanic differences in meeting lifetime fertility intentions in the U.S. Demogr Res 30:1245-1276|
|Elo, Irma T; Beltrán-Sánchez, Hiram; Macinko, James (2014) The Contribution of Health Care and Other Interventions to Black-White Disparities in Life Expectancy, 1980-2007. Popul Res Policy Rev 33:97-126|
|Bove, R M; Vala-Haynes, Emily; Valeggia, Claudia (2014) Polygyny and women's health in rural Mali. J Biosoc Sci 46:66-89|
|Fishman, Ezra I; Stokes, Andrew; Preston, Samuel H (2014) The dynamics of diabetes among birth cohorts in the U.S. Diabetes Care 37:1052-9|
|Margolis, Rachel (2013) Educational differences in healthy behavior changes and adherence among middle-aged Americans. J Health Soc Behav 54:353-68|
|Margolis, Rachel (2013) Health shocks in the family: gender differences in smoking changes. J Aging Health 25:882-903|
|Pardo, Cristian; Schott, Whitney (2012) Public versus private: evidence on health insurance selection. Int J Health Care Finance Econ 12:39-61|
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