A primary goal of the National Center of Medical Rehabilitation Research is to bring the health related problems of people with disabilities to the attention of America's best scientists in order to capitalize upon the myriad advances occurring in the biological, behavioral, and engineering sciences. The purpose of this training grant is to continue to produce outstanding rehabilitation scientists by providing pre- and post-doctoral training (3 pre- and 1 post-doctoral slots per year) in Movement Science to health professionals from an interdisciplinary faculty. As an expansion of this successful Movement Science Program, the PIs are requesting one additional pre-doctoral slot and one post-doctoral slot. The training program is administratively housed in the Program in Physical Therapy but it is an interdisciplinary program and currently half of its pre-doctoral trainees and all of its post-doctoral trainees are from non-PT backgrounds (i.e., biomedical engineering, exercise science, kinesiology, neuroscience, occupational therapy). The environment at Washington University Medical Center is ideally suited for this training because it combines a premiere medical school with a strong infrastructure for research and a hospital system that includes a world-class rehabilitation center. The training program utilizes the expertise of outstanding investigators to provide interdisciplinary guidance in academic and research activities and is built on a core of biocontrol, biomechanics, and bioenergetics. The program has active involvement from well-respected and established investigators in many related fields including the Neurosciences, Medicine, Orthopedics, Biomedical Engineering, Radiology, and Psychology. The use of established investigators with an interest in integrating basic science and clinical manifestations of disease and injury is an effective means of producing high quality, interdisciplinary research in rehabilitation. The average duration of training has been 4.5 years in the full time pre-doctoral program over its 21 years of existence. Funded trainees are productive (average 6 peer reviewed publications associated with training) and have a low drop-out rate (12%). Training grant funded graduates are all employed in academic settings (100%) and have gone on to be productive in obtaining extramural funding, publishing research in the area of rehabilitation, and training other scientists and professionals in rehabilitation related fields.

Public Health Relevance

The purpose of this training grant is to continue to produce outstanding rehabilitation scientists in Movement Science by training health professionals from an interdisciplinary faculty and perspective. Graduates are trained to investigate and improve the movement impairments in people with chronic diseases (i.e. stroke, diabetes, neuropathy, Parkinson Disease, low back pain) so that they may be more active and participate in their community and society.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32HD007434-21
Application #
8657460
Study Section
Developmental Biology Subcommittee (CHHD)
Program Officer
Nitkin, Ralph M
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
21
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Washington University
Department
Other Health Professions
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
City
Saint Louis
State
MO
Country
United States
Zip Code
63130
Peterson, Daniel S; Pickett, Kristen A; Duncan, Ryan P et al. (2014) Brain activity during complex imagined gait tasks in Parkinson disease. Clin Neurophysiol 125:995-1005
Cherry, Kendra M; Lenze, Eric J; Lang, Catherine E (2014) Combining d-cycloserine with motor training does not result in improved general motor learning in neurologically intact people or in people with stroke. J Neurophysiol 111:2516-24
Peterson, Daniel S; Pickett, Kristen A; Duncan, Ryan et al. (2014) Gait-related brain activity in people with Parkinson disease with freezing of gait. PLoS One 9:e90634
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Gutekunst, David J; Smith, Kirk E; Commean, Paul K et al. (2013) Impact of Charcot neuroarthropathy on metatarsal bone mineral density and geometric strength indices. Bone 52:407-13
Scholtes, Sara A; Norton, Barbara J; Gombatto, Sara P et al. (2013) Variables associated with performance of an active limb movement following within-session instruction in people with and people without low back pain. Biomed Res Int 2013:867983
Lang, Catherine E; Bland, Marghuretta D; Bailey, Ryan R et al. (2013) Assessment of upper extremity impairment, function, and activity after stroke: foundations for clinical decision making. J Hand Ther 26:104-14;quiz 115
Gombatto, Sara P; Norton, Barbara J; Sahrmann, Shirley A et al. (2013) Factors contributing to lumbar region passive tissue characteristics in people with and people without low back pain. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 28:255-61

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