Interdisciplinary Training in Research Violence Affecting Families and Youth. The goal of this application for interdisciplinary research preparation is to train nursing, public health and medical scholars in the science of risk factors and interventions for and physical and mental health and developmental problems and behaviors subsequent to violence. Pre and post doctoral fellows will be mentored by experienced violence researchers from multiple disciplines to conduct: 1) policy and practice relevant epidemiological and clinical risk factor analysis and theory testing studies, and 2) design and test primary, secondary and tertiary interventions to prevent, identify, and ameliorate violence and the occurrence and/or recurrence of physical and mental health and developmental and behavioral sequelae. They will obtain interdisciplinary training to address emerging intersections of bodies of knowledge related to violence: HIV/AIDS and violence, physiological outcomes of violence, and health disparities related to differences in violent experiences. The scholars obtain interdisciplinary content in: 1) risk factors for and physical and mental health and developmental outcomes of violence (experiencing and exposure to community, family, youth and collective violence, suicide, violence against women and children) 2) social, ethnic and cultural influences on violence etiology and outcomes including violence related health disparities and how health disparities in access to care can result in more severe physical and mental health outcomes for ethnic minority populations, 3) culturally appropriate interventions and evaluations, 4) ethical issues and social responsibility in the conduct of violence related research, and 5) multiple methods approaches to violence related research. Additional opportunities for training in the HIV/AIDS interface and physiological antecedents and sequelae also are available, as well as health care and community agencies for translation research. We have successfully trained 25 predoctoral and 6 postdoctoral fellows in 10 years of funding from NIMH and have multiple highly qualified applicants for each position. Our Core Faculty now includes more developmental experts and HIV/AIDS violence expertise. This application seeks support for 2 postdoctoral and 5 predoctoral positions. Public Health Relevance: Violence and witnessing violence results in intertwined mental and physical health problems for adults and children. Risk factors for violence are also multifaceted and include individual, family and community factors. Interdisciplinary training is necessary for nursing, public health and medical researchers to understand and design appropriate violence prevention and interventions to prevent future violence and health problems.
Violence and witnessing violence results in intertwined mental and physical health problems for adults and children. Risk factors for violence are also multifaceted and include individual, family and community factors. Interdisciplinary training is necessary for nursing, public health and medical researchers to understand and design appropriate violence prevention and interventions to prevent future violence and health problems.
|Sabri, Bushra; St Vil, Noelle M; Campbell, Jacquelyn C et al. (2015) Racial and ethnic differences in factors related to workplace violence victimization. West J Nurs Res 37:180-96|
|Stockman, Jamila K; Lucea, Marguerite B; Bolyard, Richelle et al. (2014) Intimate partner violence among African American and African Caribbean women: prevalence, risk factors, and the influence of cultural attitudes. Glob Health Action 7:24772|
|Sabri, Bushra; Stockman, Jamila K; Campbell, Jacquelyn C et al. (2014) Factors associated with increased risk for lethal violence in intimate partner relationships among ethnically diverse black women. Violence Vict 29:719-41|
|Paterno, Mary T; Han, Hae-Ra (2014) Development and psychometric testing of the attitude toward potential pregnancy scale. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 43:710-8|
|Draughon, Jessica E; Anderson, Jocelyn C; Hansen, Bryan R et al. (2014) Nonoccupational postexposure HIV prophylaxis in sexual assault programs: a survey of SANE and FNE program coordinators. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 25:S90-S100|
|Anderson, Jocelyn C; Campbell, Jacquelyn C; Farley, Jason E (2013) Interventions to address HIV and intimate partner violence in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of the literature. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 24:383-90|
|Stockman, Jamila K; Lucea, Marguerite B; Draughon, Jessica E et al. (2013) Intimate partner violence and HIV risk factors among African-American and African-Caribbean women in clinic-based settings. AIDS Care 25:472-80|
|Sabri, Bushra; Stockman, Jamila K; Bertrand, Desiree R et al. (2013) Victimization experiences, substance misuse, and mental health problems in relation to risk for lethality among African American and African Caribbean women. J Interpers Violence 28:3223-41|
|Sabri, Bushra; Bolyard, Richelle; McFadgion, Akosoa L et al. (2013) Intimate partner violence, depression, PTSD, and use of mental health resources among ethnically diverse black women. Soc Work Health Care 52:351-69|
|Stockman, Jamila K; Lucea, Marguerite B; Campbell, Jacquelyn C (2013) Forced sexual initiation, sexual intimate partner violence and HIV risk in women: a global review of the literature. AIDS Behav 17:832-47|
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