This new T-32 application, """"""""Preventing Prematurity and Poor Pregnancy Outcomes Training Grant"""""""", from the Division of Neonatology/Department of Pediatrics at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine is for the establishment of a postdoctoral training program for pediatric subspecialty fellows with a research and career focus in (a) developmental and perinatal biology, (b) genetic, environmental and biochemical/molecular causes of birth defects, preterm birth and its sequelae and (c) improvement in birth outcomes through translational, epidemiological, quality improvement and comparative effectiveness research. The long-term goals of this program are to develop physician-scientists and future leaders in perinatal research who will make career-long contributions that will positively impact birth outcomes.
The Specific Aims are to identify promising trainees early in pediatric subspecialty fellowship training and provide them with a robust, interdisciplinary research experience under the supervision of a qualified mentor with ready access to adequate laboratory resources, populations or datasets of mothers and infants at risk of poor birth outcomes. This program will capitalize on the vast institutional resources at Vanderbilt including the Vanderbilt CTSA, a plethora of core facilities, the Masters in Public Health and Masters of Science in Clinical Investigation, the Quality Scholars Program and the Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center. Given the strong applicant pool, we propose to fund two positions per year in each of the 2nd and 3rd years of fellowship training with commitment of institutional funds for continued training in a 4th year when desired. A talented group of NIH-funded investigators with proven track records of successful mentorship have been chosen from across multiple disciplines representing the unique research strengths of Vanderbilt University. The program's structured research training will instill the skills and knowledge required to address critical issues in perinatal health outcomes. Promising junior faculty have been identified as """"""""mentors-in-training"""""""". A 4 member steering committee and a 6-member advisory committee of intramural and extramural experts in the fields of developmental biology, perinatal health outcomes and physician-scientist training will provide guidance on trainee selection and progress and overall program success.

Public Health Relevance

This new T-32 grant will provide structured training for pediatric subspecialty physician- scientists planning an academic career with a research focus in the causes of preterm birth and disorders arising in the perinatal and newborn period. This program will augment the strong track record in the Division of Neonatology and other pediatric subspecialties at Vanderbilt in producing a diverse and expertly trained workforce of academic pediatricians and biomedical scientists to assume leadership roles to meet the healthcare needs of our Nation's children. This program will provide training in the research methods necessary to address important perinatal health issues and the skills required to successfully engage populations of women and infants in research that will ultimate result in the timely translation of fundamental knowledge into meaningful improvements in birth outcomes.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Pediatrics Subcommittee (CHHD)
Program Officer
Raju, Tonse N
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Hatch, L Dupree; Grubb, Peter H; Lea, Amanda S et al. (2016) Endotracheal Intubation in Neonates: A Prospective Study of Adverse Safety Events in 162 Infants. J Pediatr 168:62-6.e6
Choi, Hyehun; Ettinger, Nicholas; Rohrbough, Jeffrey et al. (2016) LRRC8A channels support TNFα-induced superoxide production by Nox1 which is required for receptor endocytosis. Free Radic Biol Med 101:413-423
Iqbal, Junaid; Dufendach, Kevin R; Wellons, John C et al. (2016) Lethal neonatal meningoencephalitis caused by multi-drug resistant, highly virulent Escherichia coli. Infect Dis (Lond) 48:461-6
May, Addison K; Brady, Jacob S; Romano-Keeler, Joann et al. (2015) A pilot study of the noninvasive assessment of the lung microbiota as a potential tool for the early diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Chest 147:1494-502
Wynn, James L; Scumpia, Philip O; Stocks, Blair T et al. (2015) Neonatal CD71+ Erythroid Cells Do Not Modify Murine Sepsis Mortality. J Immunol 195:1064-70
Romano-Keeler, Joann; Weitkamp, Jörn-Hendrik (2015) Maternal influences on fetal microbial colonization and immune development. Pediatr Res 77:189-95
Mani, Subramani; Ozdas, Asli; Aliferis, Constantin et al. (2014) Medical decision support using machine learning for early detection of late-onset neonatal sepsis. J Am Med Inform Assoc 21:326-36
Romano-Keeler, J; Wynn, J L; Maron, J L (2014) Great expectorations: the potential of salivary 'omic' approaches in neonatal intensive care. J Perinatol 34:169-73
Romano-Keeler, Joann; Moore, Daniel J; Wang, Chunlin et al. (2014) Early life establishment of site-specific microbial communities in the gut. Gut Microbes 5:192-201
Ettinger, Nicholas; Pearson, Matthew; Lamb, Fred S et al. (2014) Pediatric posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome presenting with isolated cerebellar edema and obstructive hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg Pediatr 14:344-7

Showing the most recent 10 out of 13 publications