This grant will continue funding for a successful, 35-year training program in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The purpose of the program is to train behavioral and medical scientists to conduct interdisciplinary and translational research aimed at the prevention of CVD in communities. The training will be derived principally from direct research experience in an existing, excellent interdisciplinary research resource, the Stanford Prevention Research Center (SPRC), which includes community, policy, behavioral, and clinical research that totals $9 million annually. Current research includes studies examining a range of topics that include overweight/obesity and weight loss interventions (e.g., ethnic dance and screen time reduction in Latina girls;home-based nutrition intervention and play group exercise for low income Latinas;comparing case management environmental support in an under-served population;targeting overweight/obese adults with insomnia or asthma;comparing weight stabilization strategies) the built environment (e.g.,. neighborhood impact on physical activity in older adults;the effects of tobacco outlet density on teen smoking) as well as comparative treatments for smoking cessation, and improving physical activity assessment methodology through the use of new technologies. In addition, the SPRC is one of the clinical sites for the ongoing follow-up of the Women's Health Initiative. Working closely with 1-2 faculty, trainees develop an individual research project, join an ongoing research program for tailored training experiences, conduct data analyses, and publish 2-3 papers per year. Directed study, a weekly research seminar, regular career development seminars, participation in grant preparation, selected course attendance, and limited patient care and teaching round out the training. Physician trainees will enter a specific track that includes an optional 1-year MS degree in epidemiology or in clinical investigation. Trainee selection is based on interest in cardiovascular disease prevention, potential for an academic research career, and demonstrated excellence. We request eight postdoctoral positions for trainees who have either the M.D. or Ph.D. degree, or both. Of the 30 postdoctoral fellows completing training in the past 10 years (2001- 2010) 26 (87%) are currently in academic or other research positions;of the 39 postdoctoral trainees appointed in the past 10 years, 26 were women (67%) and 8 were under-represented minorities (21%;2 Hispanic, 5 African-American, 1 Native American). Six of the eight are in academic positions, and two are still in training here.
This grant will continue funding for a successful, 35-year training program in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The purpose of the program is to train behavioral and medical scientists to conduct interdisciplinary and translational research aimed at the prevention of CVD in communities.
|White, Justin S; Basu, Sanjay (2016) Does the benefits schedule of cash assistance programs affect the purchase of temptation goods? Evidence from Peru. J Health Econ 46:70-89|
|Chrisinger, Benjamin (2016) A Mixed-Method Assessment of a New Supermarket in a Food Desert: Contributions to Everyday Life and Health. J Urban Health 93:425-37|
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|Brown-Johnson, Cati G; Popova, Lucy (2016) Exploring Smoking Stigma, Alternative Tobacco Product Use, & Quit Attempts. Health Behav Policy Rev 3:13-20|
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|Mello, Susan; Bigman, Cabral A; Sanders-Jackson, Ashley et al. (2016) Perceived Harm of Secondhand Electronic Cigarette Vapors and Policy Support to Restrict Public Vaping: Results From a National Survey of US Adults. Nicotine Tob Res 18:686-93|
|Banda, Jorge A; Haydel, K Farish; Davila, Tania et al. (2016) Effects of Varying Epoch Lengths, Wear Time Algorithms, and Activity Cut-Points on Estimates of Child Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity from Accelerometer Data. PLoS One 11:e0150534|
|Maglalang, Dale Dagar; Brown-Johnson, Cati; Prochaska, Judith J (2016) Associations with E-cigarette use among Asian American and Pacific Islander young adults in California. Prev Med Rep 4:29-32|
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