This grant will continue funding for a successful, 35-year training program in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The purpose of the program is to train behavioral and medical scientists to conduct interdisciplinary and translational research aimed at the prevention of CVD in communities. The training will be derived principally from direct research experience in an existing, excellent interdisciplinary research resource, the Stanford Prevention Research Center (SPRC), which includes community, policy, behavioral, and clinical research that totals $9 million annually. Current research includes studies examining a range of topics that include overweight/obesity and weight loss interventions (e.g., ethnic dance and screen time reduction in Latina girls;home-based nutrition intervention and play group exercise for low income Latinas;comparing case management environmental support in an under-served population;targeting overweight/obese adults with insomnia or asthma;comparing weight stabilization strategies) the built environment (e.g.,. neighborhood impact on physical activity in older adults;the effects of tobacco outlet density on teen smoking) as well as comparative treatments for smoking cessation, and improving physical activity assessment methodology through the use of new technologies. In addition, the SPRC is one of the clinical sites for the ongoing follow-up of the Women's Health Initiative. Working closely with 1-2 faculty, trainees develop an individual research project, join an ongoing research program for tailored training experiences, conduct data analyses, and publish 2-3 papers per year. Directed study, a weekly research seminar, regular career development seminars, participation in grant preparation, selected course attendance, and limited patient care and teaching round out the training. Physician trainees will enter a specific track that includes an optional 1-year MS degree in epidemiology or in clinical investigation. Trainee selection is based on interest in cardiovascular disease prevention, potential for an academic research career, and demonstrated excellence. We request eight postdoctoral positions for trainees who have either the M.D. or Ph.D. degree, or both. Of the 30 postdoctoral fellows completing training in the past 10 years (2001- 2010) 26 (87%) are currently in academic or other research positions;of the 39 postdoctoral trainees appointed in the past 10 years, 26 were women (67%) and 8 were under-represented minorities (21%;2 Hispanic, 5 African-American, 1 Native American). Six of the eight are in academic positions, and two are still in training here.

Public Health Relevance

This grant will continue funding for a successful, 35-year training program in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The purpose of the program is to train behavioral and medical scientists to conduct interdisciplinary and translational research aimed at the prevention of CVD in communities.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32HL007034-37
Application #
8232015
Study Section
NHLBI Institutional Training Mechanism Review Committee (NITM)
Program Officer
Silsbee, Lorraine M
Project Start
1985-07-01
Project End
2016-07-31
Budget Start
2012-08-01
Budget End
2013-07-31
Support Year
37
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$434,735
Indirect Cost
$34,203
Name
Stanford University
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
Ramo, Danielle E; Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Prochaska, Judith J (2015) Prevalence and correlates of electronic-cigarette use in young adults: findings from three studies over five years. Addict Behav 41:142-7
Tan, Andy S L; Bigman, Cabral A; Sanders-Jackson, Ashley (2015) Sociodemographic correlates of self-reported exposure to e-cigarette communications and its association with public support for smoke-free and vape-free policies: results from a national survey of US adults. Tob Control 24:574-81
Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Karan, Lori D; Prochaska, Judith J (2015) Electronic cigarettes in jails: a panacea or public health problem? JAMA Psychiatry 72:103-4
Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Hickman 3rd, Norval J; Kim, Romina et al. (2015) Correlates and prevalence of menthol cigarette use among adults with serious mental illness. Nicotine Tob Res 17:285-91
Patel, Chirag J; Yang, Ting; Hu, Zhongkai et al. (2014) Investigation of maternal environmental exposures in association with self-reported preterm birth. Reprod Toxicol 45:1-7
Winter, Sandra J; Buman, Matthew P; Sheats, Jylana L et al. (2014) Harnessing the potential of older adults to measure and modify their environments: long-term successes of the Neighborhood Eating and Activity Advocacy Team (NEAAT) Study. Transl Behav Med 4:226-7
Goodman, Michael; LaKind, Judy S; Fagliano, Jerald A et al. (2014) Cancer cluster investigations: review of the past and proposals for the future. Int J Environ Res Public Health 11:1479-99
Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Henriksen, Lisa; Delucchi, Kevin et al. (2014) Tobacco retailer proximity and density and nicotine dependence among smokers with serious mental illness. Am J Public Health 104:1454-63
Young-Wolff, Kelly C; Fromont, Sebastien C; Delucchi, Kevin et al. (2014) PTSD symptomatology and readiness to quit smoking among women with serious mental illness. Addict Behav 39:1231-4
Dzierzewski, Joseph M; Buman, Matthew P; Giacobbi Jr, Peter R et al. (2014) Exercise and sleep in community-dwelling older adults: evidence for a reciprocal relationship. J Sleep Res 23:61-8

Showing the most recent 10 out of 168 publications