There are two main objectives to this proposal. First, the number of cardiothoracic surgeons conducting hypothesis-driven research is diminishing, and there now exist a need to provide quality research training for aspiring academic cardiothoracic surgeons. Unfortunately, presently there is no formal training program available at NHLBI for thoracic surgeons. A formalized program like the one we are proposing will provide for collaboration between basic scientists and surgical faculty to train academic thoracic surgeons. Potential trainees will come into the program following 2 years of clinical training. They will be allowed the freedom to choose preceptors, depending on their own future career choices and interests. Each surgery resident entering training will be assigned a thoracic surgeon mentor and a basic sciences mentor. This multi disciplinary focus should allow each trainee to get the optimum education and the ability to eventually become independent investigators. The second objective of the proposal is to specifically train cardiothoracic surgeons from minority groups. The Association of Black Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgeons are in the process of developing an effort to attract minority surgeons into cardiothoracic surgery through a sponsored research experience at an established institution. The obvious benefit is that these young people would then be on track to enter the field of cardiothoracic surgery with research training and backgrounds comparable to anyone.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
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NHLBI Institutional Training Mechanism Review Committee (NITM)
Program Officer
Carlson, Drew E
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University of Virginia
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Hawkins, Robert B; Mehaffey, J Hunter; Guo, Abra et al. (2018) Postoperative atrial fibrillation is associated with increased morbidity and resource utilization after left ventricular assist device placement. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 156:1543-1549.e4
Hawkins, Robert B; Mehaffey, J Hunter; Kessel, Samuel M et al. (2018) Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery is associated with excellent resource utilization, cost, and outcomes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 156:611-616.e3
Fashandi, Anna Z; Hawkins, Robert B; Salmon, Morgan D et al. (2018) A novel reproducible model of aortic aneurysm rupture. Surgery 163:397-403
Narahari, Adishesh K; Mehaffey, J Hunter; Hawkins, Robert B et al. (2018) Surgeon Scientists Are Disproportionately Affected by Declining NIH Funding Rates. J Am Coll Surg 226:474-481
Schubert, Sarah A; Mehaffey, J Hunter; Booth, Alexander et al. (2018) Pulmonary-Systemic Pressure Ratio Correlates with Morbidity in Cardiac Valve Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth :
Mullen, Matthew G; Hawkins, Robert B; Johnston, Lily E et al. (2018) Open Surgical Incisions After Colorectal Surgery Improve Quality Metrics, But Do Patients Benefit? Dis Colon Rectum 61:622-628
Ramirez, Adriana G; Nuradin, Nebil; Byiringiro, Fidele et al. (2018) Creation, Implementation, and Assessment of a General Thoracic Surgery Simulation Course in Rwanda. Ann Thorac Surg 105:1842-1849
Mehaffey, J Hunter; Charles, Eric J; Kron, Irving L et al. (2018) Loss of Medicaid insurance after successful bariatric surgery: an unintended outcome. Surg Endosc 32:212-216
Mehaffey, J Hunter; Hawkins, Robert B; Byler, Matthew et al. (2018) Amiodarone Protocol Provides Cost-Effective Reduction in Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation. Ann Thorac Surg 105:1697-1702
Mehaffey, J Hunter; Charles, Eric J; Schubert, Sarah et al. (2018) In vivo lung perfusion rehabilitates sepsis-induced lung injury. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 155:440-448.e2

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