There are two main objectives to this proposal. First, the number of cardiothoracic surgeons conducting hypothesis-driven research is diminishing, and there now exist a need to provide quality research training for aspiring academic cardiothoracic surgeons. Unfortunately, presently there is no formal training program available at NHLBI for thoracic surgeons. A formalized program like the one we are proposing will provide for collaboration between basic scientists and surgical faculty to train academic thoracic surgeons. Potential trainees will come into the program following 2 years of clinical training. They will be allowed the freedom to choose preceptors, depending on their own future career choices and interests. Each surgery resident entering training will be assigned a thoracic surgeon mentor and a basic sciences mentor. This multi disciplinary focus should allow each trainee to get the optimum education and the ability to eventually become independent investigators. The second objective of the proposal is to specifically train cardiothoracic surgeons from minority groups. The Association of Black Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgeons are in the process of developing an effort to attract minority surgeons into cardiothoracic surgery through a sponsored research experience at an established institution. The obvious benefit is that these young people would then be on track to enter the field of cardiothoracic surgery with research training and backgrounds comparable to anyone.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
NHLBI Institutional Training Mechanism Review Committee (NITM)
Program Officer
Carlson, Drew E
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Virginia
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Gillen, Jacob R; Schaheen, Basil W; Yount, Kenan W et al. (2015) Cost analysis of endovascular versus open repair in the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. J Vasc Surg 61:596-603
Johnston, William F; Salmon, Morgan; Su, Gang et al. (2015) Aromatase is required for female abdominal aortic aneurysm protection. J Vasc Surg 61:1565-74.e1-4
Pope, Nicolas H; Ailawadi, Gorav (2014) Minimally invasive valve surgery. J Cardiovasc Transl Res 7:387-94
Wagner, Cynthia E; Kron, Irving L (2014) Subvalvular techniques to optimize surgical repair of ischemic mitral regurgitation. Curr Opin Cardiol 29:140-4
Zhao, Yunge; Gillen, Jacob R; Harris, David A et al. (2014) Treatment with placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells mitigates development of bronchiolitis obliterans in a murine model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 147:1668-1677.e5
Yount, Kenan W; Reames, Bradley N; Kensinger, Clark D et al. (2014) Resident awareness of documentation requirements and reimbursement: a multi-institutional survey. Ann Thorac Surg 97:858-64; discussion 864
Pope, Nicolas H; Ailawadi, Gorav (2014) Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair. Oper Tech Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 19:219-237
Johnston, William F; Salmon, Morgan; Pope, Nicolas H et al. (2014) Inhibition of interleukin-1? decreases aneurysm formation and progression in a novel model of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Circulation 130:S51-9
Salerno, Elise P; Olson, Walter C; McSkimming, Chantel et al. (2014) T cells in the human metastatic melanoma microenvironment express site-specific homing receptors and retention integrins. Int J Cancer 134:563-74
Yount, Kenan W; Mallory, Melissa A; Turza, Kristin C et al. (2014) Pneumomediastinum after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement. Ann Thorac Surg 97:e37-9

Showing the most recent 10 out of 101 publications