The continued disparity in health outcomes for segments of our nation's population underscores the need to understand and intervene from a multifactorial framework. The Transdisciplinary Training in Health Disparities Science (TTHDS) program for pre- and postdoctoral fellows will prepare nurse scientists to leverage the culture of the groups, communities, and organizations with whom they work to understand and describe disparate health outcomes, intervene to improve health outcomes, and translate and disseminate scientific findings for widespread impact. The objectives of the proposed TTHDS program are to (1) using transdisciplinary educational experiences, prepare nurses to conduct rigorous clinical research that improves healthy behaviors and health outcomes of vulnerable populations across the lifespan, (2) develop researcher skills in leveraging cultures of vulnerable populations across the lifespan for understanding and intervening to improve disparate, negative health outcomes, (3) mentor trainees in the design and ethical conduct of health research with vulnerable populations across the lifespan, (4) prepare fellows to conduct independent research and pursue careers in transdisciplinary health research with vulnerable populations across the lifespan, and (5) train fellows to translate research findings to clinical practice and health policy based on the principles of evidence-based practice. The TTHDS program will build on the current PhD program by expanding substantive content in the areas of leveraging cultural components within a multidisciplinary context. Over the 5-year period of the program, funding will support a total of 10 predoctoral and 5 postdoctoral fellows, with each fellow supported for a 2-year period. At the foundation of the TTHDS program is the diverse scientific expertise of faculty sponsors with active programs of research. The program will, moreover, draw from the unique structure of the College of Nursing and Health Innovation, a blend of Nutrition, Exercise &Wellness, and Health Sciences programs that allows for a distinctive transdisciplinary/interprofessional training program.

Public Health Relevance

The Transdisciplinary Training in Health Disparities Science (TTHDS) program for pre- and postdoctoral fellows will prepare nurse scientists to design, conduct and evaluate research related to the culture of the groups, communities, and organizations with whom they work, with the aim of reducing disparate health outcomes. Coursework and seminar learning will be part of formal study to prepare nurses to conduct rigorous clinical research that improves healthy behaviors and health outcomes of vulnerable populations across the lifespan. The diverse scientific expertise of faculty sponsors with active programs of research, and the unique structure of the College of Nursing and Health Innovation that includes Nursing, Nutrition, Exercise &Wellness, and Health Sciences programs is the basis for this distinctive transdisciplinary training program.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32NR012718-02
Application #
8250340
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZNR1-REV-W (07))
Program Officer
Mccloskey, Donna J
Project Start
2011-07-01
Project End
2016-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$262,577
Indirect Cost
$17,166
Name
Arizona State University-Tempe Campus
Department
Type
Schools of Nursing
DUNS #
943360412
City
Tempe
State
AZ
Country
United States
Zip Code
85287
Reese, Jasmine M; Joseph, Rodney P; Cherrington, Andrea et al. (2016) Development of Participant-Informed Text Messages to Promote Physical Activity Among African American Women Attending College: A Qualitative Mixed-Methods Inquiry. J Transcult Nurs :
Hutchens, Amy; Soltero, Erica G; Barquera, Simón et al. (2016) Influence of parental perception of school safety and gender on children's physical activity in Mexico: A cross sectional study. Salud Publica Mex 58:7-15
Joseph, Rodney P; Keller, Colleen; Adams, Marc A et al. (2016) Validity of two brief physical activity questionnaires with accelerometers among African-American women. Prim Health Care Res Dev 17:265-76
Joseph, Rodney P; Keller, Colleen; Affuso, Olivia et al. (2016) Designing Culturally Relevant Physical Activity Programs for African-American Women: A Framework for Intervention Development. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities :
Joseph, Rodney P; Pekmezi, Dori; Dutton, Gareth R et al. (2016) Results of a Culturally Adapted Internet-Enhanced Physical Activity Pilot Intervention for Overweight and Obese Young Adult African American Women. J Transcult Nurs 27:136-46
Joseph, Rodney P; Maddock, Jay E (2016) Observational Park-based physical activity studies: A systematic review of the literature. Prev Med 89:257-77
Joseph, Rodney P; Keller, Colleen; Adams, Marc A et al. (2015) Print versus a culturally-relevant Facebook and text message delivered intervention to promote physical activity in African American women: a randomized pilot trial. BMC Womens Health 15:30
Joseph, Rodney P; Dutton, Gareth R; Cherrington, Andrea et al. (2015) Feasibility, acceptability, and characteristics associated with adherence and completion of a culturally relevant internet-enhanced physical activity pilot intervention for overweight and obese young adult African American women enrolled in college. BMC Res Notes 8:209
Joseph, Rodney P; Ainsworth, Barbara E; Keller, Colleen et al. (2015) Barriers to Physical Activity Among African American Women: An Integrative Review of the Literature. Women Health 55:679-99
Walker, Jenelle; Ainsworth, Barbara; Hooker, Steven et al. (2015) Optimal Health (Spirit, Mind, and Body): A Feasibility Study Promoting Well-Being for Health Behavior Change. J Relig Health 54:1681-98

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