This application proposes to continue the National Health and Aging Trend Study (NHATS), which aims (1) to promote scientific inquiry into late-life disability trends and dynamics, their antecedents and correlates, and disparities therein and (2) to advance study of the social and economic consequences of late-life disability for individuals, families, and society. To achieve these aims, in the next 5-year cycle (2014-2018) we will: (a) Collect data in person from the original NHATS cohort annually, including: continued collection of the enhanced disability protocol and supplemental questions on consequences including subjective and economic wellbeing, living and care arrangements, and quality of end of life;collection of dried blood spots, some to be assayed to foster study of the biologic risk for disability progression, and others to be stored for future use;enhancements to the NHATS interview in key understudied areas of potentially growing importance-use of rehabilitation services aimed at recovery from disability, and the service environment and related amenities that promote independent functioning in retirement and senior community settings-and incorporating new modules submitted by the broader research community. (b) Replenish the sample in Round 5 (2015). Replenishment will be implemented in such a way that NHATS maintains the ability to produce 5-year age estimates (including 90+) and Black-White comparisons. (c) Clean, document and disseminate public use files online and continue to make Medicare claims and other sensitive and restricted files available using established procedures. (d) Undertake methodological studies to improve the efficiency of data collection in future rounds, including testing the sensitivity of key estimates to differential follow-up periods and applying modern measurement approaches such as Item Response Theory (IRT) to measures of capacity. The overarching goal of NHATS is to be a platform for scientific inquiry to guide efforts to reduce disability, maximize functioning, and enhance older adults'quality of life. Research using NHATS will foster research to design multi-factor interventions to reduce late-life disability, and will support comprehensive modeling of outcomes of the disability process including living and care arrangements, expenditures, economic well-being, and quality of life.
NHATS is a national study of late-life disability designed as a platform for researchers on aging to engage in scientific inquiry to guide efforts to reduce disability, maximize functioning, and enhance older adults'quality of life.
|Soones, Tacara; Federman, Alex; Leff, Bruce et al. (2017) Two-Year Mortality in Homebound Older Adults: An Analysis of the National Health and Aging Trends Study. J Am Geriatr Soc 65:123-129|
|Skolarus, Lesli E; Freedman, Vicki A; Feng, Chunyang et al. (2017) African American Stroke Survivors: More Caregiving Time, but Less Caregiving Burden. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 10:|
|Parisi, Jeanine M; Roberts, Laken; Szanton, Sarah L et al. (2017) Valued Activities among Individuals with and without Cognitive Impairments: Findings from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Gerontologist 57:309-318|
|Freedman, Vicki A; Kasper, Judith D; Spillman, Brenda C (2017) Successful Aging Through Successful Accommodation With Assistive Devices. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 72:300-309|
|Thomas, Kali S; Smego, Raul; Akobundu, Ucheoma et al. (2017) Characteristics of Older Adults on Waiting Lists for Meals on Wheels: Identifying Areas for Intervention. J Appl Gerontol 36:1228-1242|
|Polenick, Courtney A; Leggett, Amanda N; Kales, Helen C (2017) Medical Care Activities Among Spouses of Older Adults With Functional Disability: Implications for Caregiving Difficulties and Gains. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 25:1085-1093|
|Keeney, Tamra; Jette, Alan M; Freedman, Vicki A et al. (2017) Racial Differences in Patterns of Use of Rehabilitation Services for Adults Aged 65 and Older. J Am Geriatr Soc 65:2707-2712|
|Ankuda, Claire K; Harris, John; Ornstein, Katherine et al. (2017) Caregiving for Older Adults with Obesity in the United States. J Am Geriatr Soc 65:1939-1945|
|Potter, Andrew J (2017) Care Configurations and Unmet Care Needs in Older Men and Women. J Appl Gerontol :733464817733239|
|Riffin, Catherine; Van Ness, Peter H; Wolff, Jennifer L et al. (2017) Family and Other Unpaid Caregivers and Older Adults with and without Dementia and Disability. J Am Geriatr Soc 65:1821-1828|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 71 publications