Simultaneous with the epidemic of obesity, there has been an epidemic of short sleep duration. Epidemiological studies have documented a link between short sleep duration and both obesity and obesity- related health problems including hypertension, diabetes, and mortality and basic laboratory studies have identified physiological mechanisms that may explain this association. However, to date, there have been no intervention studies examining the impact of changes in sleep duration on changes in body weight. The Center for Behavioral Intervention Development (CBID) proposed in this application seeks to translate the basic science on sleep duration into a novel intervention to reduce obesity and obesity-related co- morbidities. We propose a programmatic series of studies to develop a sleep + weight loss intervention. The target population for our studies will be young adults (age 25 - 45) where the association between sleep duration and obesity appears strongest, who are overweight or obese (BIVII 25 - 40), and who currently sleep less than six and a half hours per night. This series of studies will be used to examine the effects of increases in sleep duration alone and in combination with a weight loss program on eating and exercise behaviors (measured objectively), and ultimately on body weight. We will also examine the effects of increasing sleep duration on physiological, psychological and cognitive changes that may relate to the changes in eating and activity and adherence to weight control recommendations. The proposed CBID creates a new interdisciplinary team, including investigators in the areas of behavioral weight control, basic and clinical aspects of sleep, fMRI and neuropsychological assessment of cognitive function, eating and exercise behavior, and physiological changes associated with sleep and weight.

Public Health Relevance

Both obesity and short sleep duration are major health problems, with a variety of negative consequences. Given that short sleep may contribute to the problem of obesity, this proposal seeks to develop an intervention to increase sleep duration and to determine whether increasing sleep alone, or in combination with a weight loss program, can have positive effects on eating, exercise, and ultimately weight control.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01CA150387-05
Application #
8545546
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-H (S1))
Program Officer
Perna, Frank
Project Start
2009-09-28
Project End
2015-08-31
Budget Start
2013-09-01
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$540,745
Indirect Cost
$207,000
Name
Miriam Hospital
Department
Type
DUNS #
063902704
City
Providence
State
RI
Country
United States
Zip Code
02906
O'Brien, Erin; Hart, Chantelle; Wing, Rena R (2016) Discrepancies Between Self-Reported Usual Sleep Duration and Objective Measures of Total Sleep Time in Treatment-Seeking Overweight and Obese Individuals. Behav Sleep Med 14:539-49
Ross, Kathryn M; Graham Thomas, J; Wing, Rena R (2016) Successful weight loss maintenance associated with morning chronotype and better sleep quality. J Behav Med 39:465-71
Czajkowski, Susan M; Powell, Lynda H; Adler, Nancy et al. (2015) From ideas to efficacy: The ORBIT model for developing behavioral treatments for chronic diseases. Health Psychol 34:971-82
Roane, Brandy M; Van Reen, Eliza; Hart, Chantelle N et al. (2015) Estimating sleep from multisensory armband measurements: validity and reliability in teens. J Sleep Res 24:714-21
Hart, Chantelle N; Carskadon, Mary A; Demos, Kathryn E et al. (2015) Acute Changes in Sleep Duration on Eating Behaviors and Appetite-Regulating Hormones in Overweight/Obese Adults. Behav Sleep Med 13:424-36
Mezick, Elizabeth J; Wing, Rena R; McCaffery, Jeanne M (2014) Associations of self-reported and actigraphy-assessed sleep characteristics with body mass index and waist circumference in adults: moderation by gender. Sleep Med 15:64-70
Xu, Xiaomeng; Demos, Kathryn E; Leahey, Tricia M et al. (2014) Failure to replicate depletion of self-control. PLoS One 9:e109950
Hart, Chantelle N; Larose, Jessica Gokee; Fava, Joseph L et al. (2013) The association between time in bed and obesity risk in young adults. Behav Sleep Med 11:321-7
Boyington, Josephine E A; Czajkowski, Susan (2013) Enrollment and retention challenges in early-phase intervention development studies: the obesity-related behavioral intervention trials (ORBIT). Prev Chronic Dis 10:
Hart, Chantelle N; Fava, Joseph L; Subak, Leslee L et al. (2012) Time in Bed is Associated with Decreased Physical Activity and Higher BMI in Women Seeking Weight Loss Treatment. ISRN Obes 2012:

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