The proposed NC Rural Academic Center for Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention (NC- ACE) is a multidisciplinary, collaborative initiative between the UNC-CH School of Social Work's Jordan Institute for Families (JIF), the UNC-CH Injury Prevention Research Center (IPRC), and community partners in Robeson County such as the Robeson County Health Department and the Center for Community Action. NC-ACE will have an Administrative Core, led by Dr. Paul Smokowski, an Implementation and Evaluation Core led by Reverend Mac Legerton, Drs. Natasha Bowen, Martica Bacallao, Shenyang Guo, and Dean Duncan, and a Training Core led by Drs. Kathleen Rounds, Gary Nelson, and Ms. Karen Moore. The specific objective of this NC- ACE is to reduce youth violence in Robeson County, North Carolina by implementing and evaluating a multifaceted, evidence-based approach to prevent perpetration of youth violence. In Year 1, we will engage in a Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) planning process in Robeson County, NC. The CBPR planning process will use profiles of risk and protective factors collected from 3,000 middle school aged students using the School Success Profile, a social environmental assessment, to guide the choice of violence prevention program components. A Community Prevention Board, consisting of NC-ACE faculty and community partners, will examine profiles of risk and protective factors and choose evidence-based individual, relationship, and community prevention programs to meet community needs. In Years 2, 3, and 4, we will implement and evaluate a youth violence initiative with universal and targeted components for middle school aged youth in Robeson County. During Year 5, we will complete a comprehensive evaluation of the prevention initiative that considers county and school-level youth violence outcomes, as well as changes in proximal individual and school risk and protective factors. Beginning in Year 1 and annually thereafter, we will collect school-level and county level administrative data on youth violence outcomes in Robeson County, in matched comparison schools in similar rural counties, and in counties throughout North Carolina. We will also collect and analyze individual level data on risk factors, assets, and conduct problems from adolescent surveys. Each level of data - county, school, and individual level - has its own research design and analysis strategy. We will also work with Robeson County practitioners to maximize sustainability during Year 5. Along with this program implementation and evaluation, we will provide new training experiences for doctoral students and junior investigators in youth violence prevention.

Public Health Relevance

Project Narrative The North Carolina Rural Academic Center for Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention (NC- ACE) is a multidisciplinary, collaborative initiative among the University of North Carolina- Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) School of Social Work's Jordan Institute for Families (JIF), the UNC Injury Prevention Research Center (IPRC), and several organizations in the target community, Robeson County, NC, including the Robeson County Health Department.
The specific aim of NC-ACE is to reduce youth violence in Robeson County, NC by implementing and evaluating a multifaceted, evidence-based approach to prevent perpetration of youth violence. We will: 1) engage in a planning process with community partners that uses risk and protective factor profiles collected from middle school aged adolescents during Year 1 to guide the choice of prevention program components;2) implement a youth violence initiative with universal and targeted components in Robeson County during Years 2 through 4;3) complete a comprehensive evaluation on the program during Year 5 that considers county and school-level youth violence outcomes, as well as changes in individual risk and protective factors;and 4) provide new training experiences for doctoral students and junior investigators in youth violence prevention during the entire 5-year period of funding.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01CE001948-03
Application #
8332636
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCE1-FXR (04))
Project Start
2010-09-30
Project End
2015-09-29
Budget Start
2012-09-30
Budget End
2013-09-29
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,072,664
Indirect Cost
$272,033
Name
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Department
None
Type
Schools of Social Work
DUNS #
608195277
City
Chapel Hill
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27599
Smokowski, Paul R; Evans, Caroline B R; Cotter, Katie L et al. (2014) Ecological correlates of depression and self-esteem in rural youth. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 45:500-18
Smokowski, Paul R; Evans, Caroline B R; Cotter, Katie L et al. (2014) Ethnic identity and mental health in American Indian youth: examining mediation pathways through self-esteem, and future optimism. J Youth Adolesc 43:343-55
Smokowski, Paul R; Cotter, Katie L; Robertson, Caroline I B et al. (2013) Anxiety and aggression in rural youth: baseline results from the rural adaptation project. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 44:479-92