The proposed NC Rural Academic Center for Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention (NC- ACE) is a multidisciplinary, collaborative initiative between the UNC-CH School of Social Work's Jordan Institute for Families (JIF), the UNC-CH Injury Prevention Research Center (IPRC), and community partners in Robeson County such as the Robeson County Health Department and the Center for Community Action. NC-ACE will have an Administrative Core, led by Dr. Paul Smokowski, an Implementation and Evaluation Core led by Reverend Mac Legerton, Drs. Natasha Bowen, Martica Bacallao, Shenyang Guo, and Dean Duncan, and a Training Core led by Drs. Kathleen Rounds, Gary Nelson, and Ms. Karen Moore. The specific objective of this NC- ACE is to reduce youth violence in Robeson County, North Carolina by implementing and evaluating a multifaceted, evidence-based approach to prevent perpetration of youth violence. In Year 1, we will engage in a Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) planning process in Robeson County, NC. The CBPR planning process will use profiles of risk and protective factors collected from 3,000 middle school aged students using the School Success Profile, a social environmental assessment, to guide the choice of violence prevention program components. A Community Prevention Board, consisting of NC-ACE faculty and community partners, will examine profiles of risk and protective factors and choose evidence-based individual, relationship, and community prevention programs to meet community needs. In Years 2, 3, and 4, we will implement and evaluate a youth violence initiative with universal and targeted components for middle school aged youth in Robeson County. During Year 5, we will complete a comprehensive evaluation of the prevention initiative that considers county and school-level youth violence outcomes, as well as changes in proximal individual and school risk and protective factors. Beginning in Year 1 and annually thereafter, we will collect school-level and county level administrative data on youth violence outcomes in Robeson County, in matched comparison schools in similar rural counties, and in counties throughout North Carolina. We will also collect and analyze individual level data on risk factors, assets, and conduct problems from adolescent surveys. Each level of data - county, school, and individual level - has its own research design and analysis strategy. We will also work with Robeson County practitioners to maximize sustainability during Year 5. Along with this program implementation and evaluation, we will provide new training experiences for doctoral students and junior investigators in youth violence prevention.
The North Carolina Rural Academic Center for Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention (NC- ACE) is a multidisciplinary, collaborative initiative among the University of North Carolina- Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) School of Social Work's Jordan Institute for Families (JIF), the UNC Injury Prevention Research Center (IPRC), and several organizations in the target community, Robeson County, NC, including the Robeson County Health Department. The specific aim of NC-ACE is to reduce youth violence in Robeson County, NC by implementing and evaluating a multifaceted, evidence-based approach to prevent perpetration of youth violence. We will: 1) engage in a planning process with community partners that uses risk and protective factor profiles collected from middle school aged adolescents during Year 1 to guide the choice of prevention program components;2) implement a youth violence initiative with universal and targeted components in Robeson County during Years 2 through 4;3) complete a comprehensive evaluation on the program during Year 5 that considers county and school-level youth violence outcomes, as well as changes in individual risk and protective factors;and 4) provide new training experiences for doctoral students and junior investigators in youth violence prevention during the entire 5-year period of funding.
|Smokowski, Paul R; Guo, Shenyang; Cotter, Katie L et al. (2016) Multi-level risk factors and developmental assets associated with aggressive behavior in disadvantaged adolescents. Aggress Behav 42:222-38|
|Cotter, Katie L; Smokowski, Paul R (2016) Perceived Peer Delinquency and Externalizing Behavior Among Rural Youth: The Role of Descriptive Norms and Internalizing Symptoms. J Youth Adolesc 45:520-31|
|Kingston, Beverly; Bacallao, Martica; Smokowski, Paul et al. (2016) Constructing "Packages" of Evidence-Based Programs to Prevent Youth Violence: Processes and Illustrative Examples From the CDC's Youth Violence Prevention Centers. J Prim Prev 37:141-63|
|Guo, Shenyang; Wu, Qi; Smokowski, Paul R et al. (2015) A Longitudinal Evaluation of the Positive Action Program in a Low-Income, Racially Diverse, Rural County: Effects on Self-Esteem, School Hassles, Aggression, and Internalizing Symptoms. J Youth Adolesc 44:2337-58|
|Evans, Caroline B R; Smokowski, Paul R (2015) Prosocial Bystander Behavior in Bullying Dynamics: Assessing the Impact of Social Capital. J Youth Adolesc 44:2289-307|
|Smokowski, Paul R; Bacallao, Martica L; Cotter, Katie L et al. (2015) The effects of positive and negative parenting practices on adolescent mental health outcomes in a multicultural sample of rural youth. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 46:333-45|
|Smokowski, Paul R; Evans, Caroline B R; Cotter, Katie L et al. (2014) Ethnic identity and mental health in American Indian youth: examining mediation pathways through self-esteem, and future optimism. J Youth Adolesc 43:343-55|
|Smokowski, Paul R; Guo, Shenyang; Rose, Roderick et al. (2014) Multilevel risk factors and developmental assets for internalizing symptoms and self-esteem in disadvantaged adolescents: modeling longitudinal trajectories from the Rural Adaptation Project. Dev Psychopathol 26:1495-513|
|Smokowski, Paul R; Evans, Caroline B R; Cotter, Katie L et al. (2014) Ecological correlates of depression and self-esteem in rural youth. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 45:500-18|
|Smokowski, Paul R; Evans, Caroline B R; Cotter, Katie L (2014) The differential impacts of episodic, chronic, and cumulative physical bullying and cyberbullying: the effects of victimization on the school experiences, social support, and mental health of rural adolescents. Violence Vict 29:1029-46|
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