The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY), a multicenter prospective cohort study, was initiated in 2003 to identify environmental factors that trigger or protect against the development of islet autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes (T1D). A successful study outcome should allow better understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of T1D and the development of new strategies to prevent, delay, or reverse the disease. Newborns are screened by HLA-DR,DQ genotyping to identify those at increased risk for T1D. Eligible children are followed four times per year until 4 years of age and twice a year thereafter until 15 years of age.
The specific aims of the GA/FL Clinical Center renewal application are to: 1) Complete our contribution to the HLA-DR,DQ screening of 361,000 newborns and enrollment of 7,800 high-risk infants into intensive prospective follow-up to achieve the overall TEDDY goals, 2) Refine strategies to retain subjects enrolled in the follow-up and collect all planned biological specimens and epidemiological data according to the standard protocol including close monitoring of performance and sample/data quality, 3) Ascertain prospectively development of islet autoantibodies and clinical T1D in the study subjects, 4) Perform planned laboratory tests at appropriate times using a nested case-control study design to answer specific scientific questions and hypotheses pertinent to the TEDDY study goals, 5) Analyze and publish laboratory and epidemiological data in collaboration with other TEDDY clinical centers and the Data Coordinating Center, 6) Guide the ongoing TEDDY project by participation of the Clinical Center investigators and staff in work of the study Steering Committee and sub-committees. These proposed activities are essential to achieve the following long-term scientific goals: 1) To identify environmental factors (infectious, dietary, psychosocial factors, toxins, allergens, etc) that trigger or protect against the development of islet autoantibodies or T1 D. 2) To assess potential gene-environment interactions to improve identification of environmental factors affecting development of islet autoimmunity or T1D, and to gain insight on mechanisms. 3) Collect and bank specimens for studies of T1D pathogenesis and development of biomarkers for T1D prediction. The prospectively collected specimens on TEDDY subjects provide a unique opportunity for scientists within and outside the TEDDY consortium to test novel hypotheses by performing otherwise impossible critical studies.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-G (J1))
Program Officer
Spain, Lisa M
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Georgia Regents University
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Yang, J; Lernmark, Å; Uusitalo, U M et al. (2014) Prevalence of obesity was related to HLA-DQ in 2-4-year-old children at genetic risk for type 1 diabetes. Int J Obes (Lond) 38:1491-6
Johnson, Suzanne Bennett; Lynch, Kristian F; Lee, Hye-Seung et al. (2014) At high risk for early withdrawal: using a cumulative risk model to increase retention in the first year of the TEDDY study. J Clin Epidemiol 67:609-11
Smith, Laura B; Lynch, Kristian F; Baxter, Judith et al. (2014) Factors associated with maternal-reported actions to prevent type 1 diabetes in the first year of the TEDDY study. Diabetes Care 37:325-31
Hummel, Sandra; Vehik, Kendra; Uusitalo, Ulla et al. (2014) Infant feeding patterns in families with a diabetes history - observations from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) birth cohort study. Public Health Nutr 17:2853-62
Elding Larsson, Helena; Vehik, Kendra; Gesualdo, Patricia et al. (2014) Children followed in the TEDDY study are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at an early stage of disease. Pediatr Diabetes 15:118-26
Liu, Edwin; Lee, Hye-Seung; Aronsson, Carin A et al. (2014) Risk of pediatric celiac disease according to HLA haplotype and country. N Engl J Med 371:42-9
Vehik, Kendra; Fiske, Steven W; Logan, Chad A et al. (2013) Methods, quality control and specimen management in an international multicentre investigation of type 1 diabetes: TEDDY. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 29:557-67
Hagopian, William A; Erlich, Henry; Lernmark, Ake et al. (2011) The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY): genetic criteria and international diabetes risk screening of 421 000 infants. Pediatr Diabetes 12:733-43
Elding Larsson, Helena; Vehik, Kendra; Bell, Ronny et al. (2011) Reduced prevalence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in young children participating in longitudinal follow-up. Diabetes Care 34:2347-52
Ziegler, Anette-G; Pflueger, Maren; Winkler, Christiane et al. (2011) Accelerated progression from islet autoimmunity to diabetes is causing the escalating incidence of type 1 diabetes in young children. J Autoimmun 37:3-7

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