The University of Florida intends to continue as a Clinical Center as part of the nationally constituted diabetes trial network (Type 1 Diabetes TrialNet), in order to ultimately study therapies aimed at preventing or delaying the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D). The University of Florida Clinical Center has participated in nine approved NIH TrialNet protocols including the Natural History Study, the Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) / Dacluzimab (DZB) Trial, the Anti-CD20 Trial, the CTLA-4 lg Trial, the Oral Insulin Study, the comparative Mixed Meal Tolerance (MMTT) - Glucagon Stimulation (GST) C-peptide Study, the T-Cell Assay Validation Study, the Nutrition Intervention to Prevent Diabetes (NIP) Study, and the T1D Genetics Consortium. The Center has consistently been one of the strongest performers both in the recruitment of subjects and the conduct of TrialNet (and other Type 1 studies) and will work to continue oversight of its successful network of Affiliate Centers and participating physicians involved in TrialNet study recruitment and follow-up and to further expand these efforts. We intend to continue to conduct studies in patients with recent-onset diabetes aimed at preserving beta cell function and/or decreasing beta cell destruction, and, if safety and efficacy is demonstrated, implement studies using these agents aimed at the prevention of the disease. Based on (i) exciting preliminary (efficacy, mechanistic and safety) data using a combination of low-dose Anti-Thymocyte Globulin (ATG) and Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (GCSF) in NOD mice, (ii) encouraging data in other human autoimmune disorders and transplantation (iii) pilot studies using each agent separately in new-onset patients, we propose to conduct a study aimed at establishing the safety, efficacy and mechanism of this combination as an intervention to slow disease progression in individuals with newly-diagnosed T1D.

Public Health Relevance

The incidence of Type 1 diabetes is increasing worldwide and the disease is a tremendous burden on both afflicted individuals and society. Studies will be conducted by the University of Florida Clinical Center within the TrialNet umbrella to study therapies aimed at (i) preventing or delaying the development of type 1 diabetes in susceptible individuals (ii) preserving pancreatic islet beta cell function in patients with already established diabetes (iii) understanding the immunologic mechanisms leading to the destruction of the insulin producing cells.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01DK085461-05
Application #
8468690
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-R (O1))
Program Officer
Leschek, Ellen W
Project Start
2009-09-30
Project End
2014-04-30
Budget Start
2013-05-01
Budget End
2014-04-30
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$635,979
Indirect Cost
$219,213
Name
University of Florida
Department
Pediatrics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
969663814
City
Gainesville
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
32611
Fouts, Alexandra; Pyle, Laura; Yu, Liping et al. (2016) Do Electrochemiluminescence Assays Improve Prediction of Time to Type 1 Diabetes in Autoantibody-Positive TrialNet Subjects? Diabetes Care 39:1738-44
Narsale, Aditi; Moya, Rosita; Robertson, Hannah Kathryn et al. (2016) Data on correlations between T cell subset frequencies and length of partial remission in type 1 diabetes. Data Brief 8:1348-51
Bundy, Brian N; Krischer, Jeffrey P; Type 1 Diabetes TrialNet Study Group (2016) A model-based approach to sample size estimation in recent onset type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 32:827-834
Pugliese, Alberto; Boulware, David; Yu, Liping et al. (2016) HLA-DRB1*15:01-DQA1*01:02-DQB1*06:02 Haplotype Protects Autoantibody-Positive Relatives From Type 1 Diabetes Throughout the Stages of Disease Progression. Diabetes 65:1109-19
Hao, Wei; Gitelman, Steven; DiMeglio, Linda A et al. (2016) Fall in C-Peptide During First 4 Years From Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes: Variable Relation to Age, HbA1c, and Insulin Dose. Diabetes Care 39:1664-70
Bingley, Polly J; Boulware, David C; Krischer, Jeffrey P et al. (2016) The implications of autoantibodies to a single islet antigen in relatives with normal glucose tolerance: development of other autoantibodies and progression to type 1 diabetes. Diabetologia 59:542-9
Moya, Rosita; Robertson, Hannah Kathryn; Payne, Dawson et al. (2016) A pilot study showing associations between frequency of CD4(+) memory cell subsets at diagnosis and duration of partial remission in type 1 diabetes. Clin Immunol 166-167:72-80
Sims, Emily K; Chaudhry, Zunaira; Watkins, Renecia et al. (2016) Elevations in the Fasting Serum Proinsulin-to-C-Peptide Ratio Precede the Onset of Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care 39:1519-26
Cabrera, Susanne M; Wang, Xujing; Chen, Yi-Guang et al. (2016) Interleukin-1 antagonism moderates the inflammatory state associated with Type 1 diabetes during clinical trials conducted at disease onset. Eur J Immunol 46:1030-46
Sosenko, Jay M (2016) Staging the progression to type 1 diabetes with prediagnostic markers. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 23:297-305

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