The goal of this program is to systematically explore the influence of physicochemical properties of size,composition, surface lability as well as charge, density, and activity of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs).The goal of this project is to define the effect of these physical/chemical properties on how ENMs interactwith the intact organism, including specific target organs and specific cell types within the target organs. Wewill focus one ofthe major classes of ENMs, the high aspect ratio nanomaterials (HARNMs), including singlewall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and nanowires (NWs) of various lengths. The importance of size (diameterand length) and coatings (silica as one example) to affect toxicity, retention and translocation will beassessed. HARNM with differing physical/chemical property described above will be employed in a series ofsystematic examinations of absorption and distribution following inhalation/ingestion experiments. Primaryand secondary target organ responses will be monitored, and the influence of HARNM exposure In a modelof allergy will be assessed. The overall hypothesis Is that differences in composition, size, diameter andsurface coating of HARNMs will modulate the in vivo uptake, distribution and biologic effects of HARNMs in arat model. This hypothesis will be addressed in four specific aims that will determine the effect of HARNMon 1) deposition, retention and distribution to various organs; 2) respiratory system cytotoxicity, inflammationand airway remodeling; 3) oxidative stress in the respiratory system; and 4) exacerbation of ainwayhyperresposiveness in a sensitive model. We will address these aims using a transdisciplinary approachthat combines inhalation toxicology, chemistry, histopathology, high resolution imaging and novelmethodologies developed at UC Davis that uniquely position us to successfully address the biological effectsof these materials. The long term goal is to identify features of these materials that reduce their toxicity andbiological effects.
;To develop and evaluate techniques and approaches to assess the potential disease burden associated withexposures to ENMs. The goal of Project 2 is to define exposure effects of high aspect ratio nanomaterials(single walled carbon nanotubes and nanowires) in an in vivo inhalation model that includes airwayshyperresonsiveness.
|Holland, Nathan A; Thompson, Leslie C; Vidanapathirana, Achini K et al. (2016) Impact of pulmonary exposure to gold core silver nanoparticles of different size and capping agents on cardiovascular injury. Part Fibre Toxicol 13:48|
|Silva, Rona M; Anderson, Donald S; Peake, Janice et al. (2016) Aerosolized Silver Nanoparticles in the Rat Lung and Pulmonary Responses over Time. Toxicol Pathol 44:673-86|
|Patchin, Esther Shin; Anderson, Donald S; Silva, Rona M et al. (2016) Size-Dependent Deposition, Translocation, and Microglial Activation of Inhaled Silver Nanoparticles in the Rodent Nose and Brain. Environ Health Perspect 124:1870-1875|
|Das, Gautom K; Anderson, Donald S; Wallis, Chris D et al. (2016) Novel multi-functional europium-doped gadolinium oxide nanoparticle aerosols facilitate the study of deposition in the developing rat lung. Nanoscale 8:11518-30|
|Anderson, Donald S; Patchin, Esther S; Silva, Rona M et al. (2015) Influence of particle size on persistence and clearance of aerosolized silver nanoparticles in the rat lung. Toxicol Sci 144:366-81|
|Anderson, Donald S; Silva, Rona M; Lee, Danielle et al. (2015) Persistence of silver nanoparticles in the rat lung: Influence of dose, size, and chemical composition. Nanotoxicology 9:591-602|
|Liu, Ying X; Karsai, Arpad; Anderson, Donald S et al. (2015) Single-Cell Mechanics Provides an Effective Means To Probe in Vivo Interactions between Alveolar Macrophages and Silver Nanoparticles. J Phys Chem B 119:15118-29|
|Li, Xueting; Xue, Min; Raabe, Otto G et al. (2015) Aerosol droplet delivery of mesoporous silica nanoparticles: A strategy for respiratory-based therapeutics. Nanomedicine 11:1377-85|
|Silva, Rona M; Anderson, Donald S; Franzi, Lisa M et al. (2015) Pulmonary effects of silver nanoparticle size, coating, and dose over time upon intratracheal instillation. Toxicol Sci 144:151-62|
|Holland, N A; Becak, D P; Shannahan, Jonathan H et al. (2015) Cardiac Ischemia Reperfusion Injury Following Instillation of 20 nm Citrate-capped Nanosilver. J Nanomed Nanotechnol 6:|
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