Drug formulations are developed to deliver drugs for the maximum benefit to patients. The maximum benefit to the patients occurs when the drug is released correctly in a predetermined manner to maintain the dose between the minimum effective concentration and upper level toxic concentration, the ?therapeutic dose range?. The underlying assumption of using the drug dissolution property for quality control is that different formulations are expected to have the same in vivo drug absorption property as long as the in vitro drug release kinetics are the same. For generic formulations, however, the similar in vitro dissolution property does not guarantee that they would have the same in vivo absorption properties. This is simply because the in vitro dissolution property depends on the dissolution method used. The issue of using in vitro dissolution property as a means to compare different formulations becomes complicated for non-oral formulations such as sustained release (SR) parenteral depot formulations. Of the many parenteral depot formulations, microparticle formulations have been most frequently used and are the focus of this study. The goal of this project is to design and develop new in vitro dissolution apparatus that can incorporate in vivo properties, i.e., conditions that a formulation may encounter after parenteral administration. There are three specific aims. The three aims will be conducted simultaneously, as they are interdependent. The first specific aim is to design and develop new in vitro dissolution apparatuses for testing parenteral SR formulations. These apparatus will be designed to incorporate into the existing USP apparatus type 4 for ease of adaptation with current testing equipment. The second specific aim is to formulate SR triptorelin microparticles using microfabrication method and compare these with the currently existing clinical product. The comparison will be between Akina's novel hydrogel-template based microfabrication method and conventional double emulsion technique as well as with Trelstar?, which is a commercially available triptorelin microparticle to be used as a control formulation. The third specific aim is to conduct in vitro dissolution studies of the prepared formulations and identify the most sensitive dissolution method. The formulations prepared in the second Aim will be tested by the methods developed as part of the first aim in order to identify a dissolution method which discriminates the differences between the SR formulations. The ability to distinguish differences in SR formulations is important as the physicochemical differences relevant to the formulation may affect the bioavailablity of the drug. The successful completion of this project is expected to produce a new dissolution apparatus which can aid in distinguishing formulations generated under different manufacturing conditions. This dissolution assay will aid overall public health by improving the capability to ensure that all injectable SR formulations have the appropriate bioavailability and release profiles for sustained therapeutic dose.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZFD1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Akina, Inc.
West Lafayette
United States
Zip Code